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Abstract

This report presents the results of EcoAdapt’s efforts to survey adaptation action in marine fisheries management by examining the major climate impacts on marine and coastal fisheries in the United States, assessing related challenges to fisheries management, and presenting examples of actions taken to decrease vulnerability and/or increase resilience. First, we provide a summary of climate change impacts and secondary effects on fisheries, focusing on changes in air and water temperatures, precipitation patterns, storms, ocean circulation, sea level rise, and water chemistry.

Abstract

The intent of this report is to provide a brief overview of key climate change impacts and a review of the prevalent work occurring on climate change adaptation in the Southeastern United States and U.S. Caribbean, especially focusing on activities as they relate to water resources. The Southeastern United States includes Alabama, Louisiana, Georgia, Mississippi, Tennessee, Kentucky, South Carolina, North Carolina, Virginia, Arkansas, and Florida. Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands (USVI) comprise the U.S. Caribbean region.

Location

WB
Papua New Guinea
5° 13' 54.552" S, 150° 28' 7.5072" E
West New Britain PG

Project Summary

The Kimbe Bay, Papua New Guinea MPA network was created in order to (1) conserve marine biodiversity and natural resources of Kimbe Bay in perpetuity, and (2) address local marine resource management needs. The natural resources in the region are at risk from overfishing, pollution, sedimentation, and climate-driven changes such as coral bleaching and sea level rise.

Location

United States
27° 56' 25.5372" S, 155° 12' 53.4384" E
US

Project Summary

The Great Barrier Reef (GBR) Marine Park Zoning Plan is the primary planning vehicle for conservation and management of the GBR Marine Park. Management is shared between the Australian and Queensland governments, and day-to-day operations are overseen by the Queensland Parks and Wildlife Service. The Zoning Plan aims to protect and conserve the biodiversity of the GBR ecosystem within a network of highly protected zones and provide opportunities for the ecologically sustainable use of, and access to, the reef.

Location

United States
1° 50' 12.498" S, 128° 25' 48.6336" E
US

Project Summary

The Raja Ampat Islands of Indonesia are located within the Coral Triangle, the region of the world with the highest reef biodiversity. This area is estimated to contain over 75% of the world’s known coral species and over 1,400 fish species.

Location

United States
5° 33' 40.734" S, 123° 55' 32.8116" E
US

Project Summary

The Wakatobi National Park comprises the islands of Wangi-Wangi, Kaledupa, Tomia, and Binongko and other Tukangbesi Islands in Indonesia. The park is part of the Coral Triangle, an area well known for its high diversity of coral reef and fish species and associated fishing activity. The reefs in the park have been subject to destructive fishing practices (e.g., blast and cyanide fishing) and overfishing, in addition to threats from coastal development (e.g., sand and coral mining) and climate change.

Abstract

Coastal and marine spatial planning (CMSP) is a science-based, collaborative process used to sustainably manage resources, interests, and activities among diverse coastal and ocean users and sectors. Climate change is affecting marine and coastal ecosystems throughout the world, manifesting in warming air and sea temperatures, increasing coastal storms, and rising sea levels. The existing and projected impacts of climate change and ocean acidification need to be incorporated into planning processes to ensure long-term success.

Abstract

The Gulf of Mexico Regional Action Plan identifies 62 actions to advance the NOAA Fisheries Climate Science Strategy at current funding and staffing levels, and others that could be accomplished with additional resources.

Abstract

In West Africa, the most extreme predicted effects of climate change are expected to occur in desert and grassland areas. It is crucial for local populations in this region to better understand what such projections signify to them to identify sound adaptation policies and interventions. We developed a game, called the “grazing game,” and conducted trials with local farmers at multiple study sites as a learning tool to better understand their behavior in response to climate variability under semiarid conditions in West Africa and to facilitate social learning.

Abstract

The primary purpose of this assessment is to examine the issues that affect capacity in the CNMI as it relates to implementing the priorities expressed in the PSD and present a set of near-term recommendations for addressing persistent capacity gaps and barriers. The recommendations are offered in an appreciation of the context of the CNMI. Implementation of the recommendations will require an implementation strategy that is adaptive.

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