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Abstract

Climate changes are already affecting some aspects of society, the economy and natural ecosystems of Puerto Rico and these effects are expected to increase. Not all of these changes will be gradual. When certain tipping points are crossed, impacts can increase dramatically. Past climate is no longer a reliable guide to the future. This affects planning for public and private infrastructure, tourism and industry, water resources, energy and all other social and economic systems.

Abstract

The primary purpose of this assessment is to examine the issues that affect capacity in the CNMI as it relates to implementing the priorities expressed in the PSD and present a set of near-term recommendations for addressing persistent capacity gaps and barriers. The recommendations are offered in an appreciation of the context of the CNMI. Implementation of the recommendations will require an implementation strategy that is adaptive.

Abstract

The Gulf Coast region includes five Gulf Coast states. The specific territories covered in the assessment are the Gulf Coastal Plains and coastal waters of southern Texas, southern Louisiana, southern Mississippi, southern Alabama, and western Florida (Fig. 1). The Gulf itself has a surface area of 1.63 million square kilometers (630,000 square miles) and a watershed area of 4.69 million square kilometers (1.81 million square miles) in the United States. This region is one of the nation’s largest ecological systems and is closely linked to a significant portion of the nation’s economy.

Abstract

Hawaii’s aquaculture is a fast-growing diversified agricultural sector that has doubled over the past ten years. Today there is much interest in expanding the industry with policy makers viewing it as a potential source for job creation and enhancing state export earnings. However up until now, policy makers and industry participants have known very little about the economic performance and health of the industry. Such information is essential to help guide an effective strategy for growth.

Abstract

Global climate change is a reality. Human emissions are driving unprecedented and dangerous climate change, with coastal regions on the front lines of its effects. If we allow climate change to continue unabated, it will have significant effects across the world. Here in the Pacific Northwest, it will jeopardize the health of our most valued natural companions: shellfish, salmon, shorebirds, and waterfowl.

Abstract

This Scientific Summary was developed through the combined efforts of a group of natural scientists from Washington State with assistance from colleagues in Oregon. The purpose of this white paper is specifically to inform members of the Washington Shellfish Initiative Blue Ribbon Panel on Ocean Acidification regarding the conditions and likely biological and ecological responses to ocean acidification in the estuarine and coastal waters of Washington.

Abstract

This document is one of a series of regional climate descriptions designed to provide input that can be used in the development of the National Climate Assessment (NCA). As part of a sustained assessment approach, it is intended that these documents will be updated as new and well-vetted model results are available and as new climate scenario needs become clear. It is also hoped that these documents (and associated data and resources) are of direct benefit to decision makers and communities seeking to use this information in developing adaptation plans.

Abstract

There is growing recognition that the Arctic is threatened by multiple human impacts including climate change and increased activities resulting from greater access due to retreating sea ice. Arctic sea ice cover has declined about 3% per decade over the satellite record (1979-present), with the six lowest annual sea ice minima occurring in the last 6 years (2007-12). The Alaska Arctic contains large petroleum reserves, and human activities related to energy extraction are expected to increase in the near future.

Abstract

A new paper by Acclimatise, IIED and ICCCAD with support from CDKN finds that the private sector in Bangladesh is beginning to recognize that climate change presents a number of significant opportunities. Although several challenges stand in the way of businesses scaling up their climate-related initiatives and seizing further opportunities, steps can be taken to create an enabling investment environment.

Abstract

Climate resilience is a high priority for protecting wildlife habitat and ecosystem services. The health of watersheds is critical for protecting water quality downstream. Invasive plant management can protect such ecological function and support resilience to climate change. This report describes our perspective on connections between invasive plant management and climate resiliency, and provides guidance for land managers on how they can incorporate climate resilience into their invasive plant management projects.

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