Smallholder livelihoods in the Peruvian Altiplano (central Andes) are frequently threatened by weather extremes, including droughts, frosts and heavy rainfall. A project was undertaken to investigate characteristics of smallholder households that explain the link between climate vulnerability and food security. This study revealed distinct groups of smallholders with regard to their ability to meet food requirements. Taking up the basic concept of pattern analysis, vulnerability was assessed based on similarities at the household level.
To prepare for the impacts climate change may pose to Québec City, the Environmental Services Department developed a targeted climate change adaptation strategy. The adaptation plan was approved in 2009 and has 88 adaptation measures, the majority of which are focused on water quality and availability issues. Québec City plans to use the lessons learned and results from the Environmental Services Department climate change adaptation strategy to develop subsequent adaptation strategies for the entire city.