Position Title: 
Doctor in Agricultural Economics
Email Address: 
Position Title: 
NOAA Coastal Management Fellow 2015-2017

Populations at Risk

Location

Headwaters Economics
PO Box 7059
59771 Bozeman , MT
United States
45° 40' 48" N, 111° 2' 24" W
Montana US
Tool Overview: 

Events such as climate change, extreme weather, floods, wildfires, and significant economic changes affect some populations more than others. Populations at Risk is a free tool to easily create reports about populations more likely to experience adverse social, health, or economic outcomes in selected areas of the United States. Variables used include indicators such as race, ethnicity, housing, poverty, and education, among others. Produced in Excel or PDF format, reports may be created at the community, county, or state scale and may compare several geographies.

The ADVANCE Approach - Co-generating and integrating climate risk information to build resilience for conservation, development, and disaster risk reduction

ADVANCE is a partnership between World Wildlife Fund (WWF) and the Columbia University Center for Climate Systems Research (CCSR) at The Earth Institute. Launched in 2015, ADVANCE facilitates planning and decision-making by providing new ways of generating and integrating climate risk information into conservation, development, and disaster management policy and practice.

Routes to resilience: lessons from monitoring BRACED

To understand what works and what does not in building climate and disaster resilience, the BRACED Knowledge Manager is developing and testing a variety of resilience measurement and monitoring approaches. The BRACED Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) framework is designed to enable data collection and evidence generation to track, measure and understand the processes of change that lead to climate and disaster resilience.

Developing programme-level M&E frameworks for resilience-building programmes is a relatively new area of work, with limited experience to draw on. Reflection about the BRACED M&E framework is therefore a critical learning step for BRACED itself to improve M&E practice and evidence generation within the programme. It also provides an exciting opportunity to contribute to building the knowledge base on resilience monitoring and measurement for the wider community. We hope that the reflections shared in this paper will contribute to ongoing and future resilience-building programmes.

Each year, the BRACED project Implementing Partners and the Knowledge Manager’s Monitoring and Results Reporting team address the critical question: ‘How are BRACED projects contributing to building resilience?’ The answer has been captured in our companion synthesis report – ‘Routes to resilience: insights from BRACED year 1’. 

Routes to resilience: insights from BRACED year 1

BRACED projects cover a wide range of issues, from securing, servicing and promoting trans-border livestock mobility across the Sahel, to sharing skills and technology to improve the uptake of climate information in Ethiopia, to supporting smallholder farmers in Nepal to take advantage of economic opportunities and investments in climate-smart technologies. Furthermore, each BRACED project uses different intervention strategies and are being implemented in different climatic and operating contexts. This report identifies emerging themes, challenges and draws broader lessons about changes in resilience, how these can be understood and the factors shaping them.

A companion paper 'Routes to resilience: lessons from monitoring BRACED’, examines a related question: ‘What lessons have we learnt from the monitoring and results reporting efforts to date in BRACED?’ This reflection paper reflects on the M&E framework itself and the experiences of the Knowledge Manager in rolling out the framework and testing it for the first time through the year 1 project- to programme-reporting process followed in order to produce this synthesis report.

Reality of Resilience: perspectives of the 2015–16 drought in Ethiopia

This report highlights lessons from the 2015–16 drought in Ethiopia, including how and why different communities were impacted, effective approaches to resilience building and challenges faced.

Key messages:

  • The timing and spatial distribution of rainfall, beyond total deficits, impacted livelihood activities such as agriculture and pastoralism during the 2015–16 drought in Ethiopia.
  • Early response costs less and results in better outcomes. Mechanisms that trigger early funding based on pre-agreed indicators are critical to overcome some of the political, institutional and media effects that have kept the humanitarian system in a state of crisis response.
  • Flexible funding and adaptive programming is needed for humanitarian and development organisations implementing projects. This will pivot funds, depending on need, and help stimulate more timely action.
  • There is increasing evidence that financial services such as index-based insurance are an important part of building resilience. These services need to be accessible to the most vulnerable people.

How can social protection build resilience? Insights from Ethiopia, Kenya and Uganda

In this BRACED Knowledge Manager working paper we present a synthesis of findings from Ethiopia, Kenya and Uganda on the role of social protection programmes in contributing to people’s capacity to absorb, anticipate and adapt to climate-related shocks and stresses.

The paper reflects on the actual and potential contributions social protection can make to increase the resilience of the poorest and most vulnerable. The analysis is informed by an understanding that resilience to climate extremes and disasters cannot be built by one programme or sector alone, but requires a range of programmes that together increase the capacity of people and governments to reduce the diverse set of risks that underpin poverty and vulnerability and increase the risk of disasters.

For this, the competitive advantage of different sectors needs to be identified and strengthened to form part of a wider cross-sectoral sustainable development agenda.

Resilient risk governance: experience from the Sahel and Horn of Africa

Resilience programmes often aim to provide services that help build assets and minimise the impact of shocks and stresses on people’s lives and livelihoods. But little is known about the way local risk governance systems and institutional arrangements mediate people’s access to these services and therefore lead to improved resilience.

Key messages

  • Evidence related to how ecosystem, financial and climate services can strengthen resilience at the local level is growing in the Sahel and Horn of Africa. There is less evidence regarding the importance of governance systems in mediating access to these assets.
  • Institutional arrangements have implications for the delivery of services and how people access them. 
  • Ecosystem services are often delivered at the local level and governed by complex institutional arrangements. Actors, including governments, non-governmental organisations and community-based organisations, often overlap.
  • In many cases, national governments deliver climate services, often bypassing local governance structures. Therefore, while access to and use and application of weather and climate information and services in Africa and elsewhere are increasing, end-users continue to face challenges in receiving and applying these services.
  • The formal financial sector is largely absent. Financial services are more often provided informally through women's savings groups or reciprocity within social networks. Increasingly, non-governmental organisations and private sector actors are delivering financial services in places that are vulnerable to climate change and extreme weather events.
  • This report offers a conceptual framework for resilient risk governance and a way forward for researchers and practitioners to build a greater body of evidence on its role in delivering resilience outcomes.

Climate Resilient Planning Toolkit

This toolkit, developed through the Building Resilience and Adaptation to Climate Extremes and Disasters (BRACED) programme, is designed to develop and deliver health, education, water and sanitation hardware interventions that are more resilient to climate extremes and disasters. It provides a generic framework to help users:

  1. Assess if resilience in a specific service delivery project should be treated as a high, medium or low priority.
  2. Identify how the different components of basic service delivery systems might be vulnerable to a range of climate extremes and disasters.
  3. Think through measures that can be taken to mitigate risks to service delivery.
  4. Establish a plan to follow up on integration of resilience in the service delivery project.

The toolkit can help project, technical and field staff of implementing agencies who plan and manage service delivery projects in developing country contexts. With early planning, the impacts of disasters can be reduced through preparation and minimising risk to people and equipment. Some hazards can be avoided entirely by building infrastructure out of harm’s way.

Below you will find the downloadable toolkit, which consists of three booklets. These include:

  • Booklet 1: guidelines that explain the tool and how to fill in the worksheets.
  • Booklet 2: worked examples to illustrate how other organisations have used the toolkit.
  • Booklet 3: worksheets that you can fill in straightaway.