Over the past decade adaptation has been burgeoning in the United States. While the federal agencies have been part of this for the past several years, they have not always been the primary leaders. What are non-federal entities aiming to do in light of the changes expected in DC? Will their course change or be unaltered?
The Northeast Shelf marine ecosystem has experienced substantial changes on seasonal, interannual, and decadal time scales. The abundance, distribution, and biological characteristics of marine fish and invertebrates have been affected by both the direct physical changes as well as by changes in lower trophic levels of the ecosystem. In turn, changes in fish and invertebrate populations have shaped fisheries, affecting the time and location at which fishing occurs as well as the effectiveness of management efforts.