The Institute of Arctic Biology was founded in 1963 by the Board of Regents of the University of Alaska with Laurence Irving, a pioneer in the field of comparative physiology, as the founding director.
Adaptation research varies by faculty member, post-doctoral fellow, and graduate student. Several scientists are actively engaged in research that addresses the human dimensions of wildlife, others are involved in decision analysis - a systematic method for making natural resource decisions, and others are investigating changes to the boreal environment and how those changes are affecting human communities.
Since publishing Seasons’ End: Global Warming’s Threat to Hunting and Fishing, the urgency to address the effects of climate change on fish and wildlife has become increasingly evident. Already waterfowl exhibit changes in seasonal distribution. Higher water temperatures and diminished stream habitat are threatening coldwater fish such as trout and salmon. Big game are shifting to more northerly latitudes and to higher elevations to escape summer heat and find suitable forage.
Homer, AK, located 125 miles southwest of Anchorage, has a current population of approximately 5,700. Positioned along the shore of Kachemak Bay, Homer has expansive views of glaciers, forests, and mountains. Residents and tourists alike enjoy the strong sense of community found in Homer and the many options for outdoor recreation such as kayaking, fishing, and wildlife viewing.
Climate change is the primary long-term challenge facing Oregon’s people, ecosystems, and economies. Immediate action is needed to prepare for and proactively adapt to the consequences of climate change. State-level preparedness will be critical in coping with projected changes such as increased temperatures, rising sea levels and increased storm surges, declining snowpack, more frequent extreme precipitation events, and an increased risk of drought and heat waves. These changes have already created a broad array of secondary effects in Oregon’s ecosystems.
The Oregon Coastal Management Program knits together various state statutes for managing our coastal lands and waters into a single, coordinated package. The lands and waters managed by the Program are defined as Oregon's Coastal Zone. We provide substantial financial and technical assistance to coastal local governments for planning, capacity building, and special projects. We coordinate and integrate programs of local, state, and federal agencies to support local planning and to protect and restore coastal natural resources.