To shed light on adaptation costs—and with the global climate change negotiations resuming in December 2009 in Copenhagen—the Economics of Adaptation to Climate Change (EACC) study was initiated by the World Bank in early 2008, funded by the governments of the Netherlands, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom.
The NOAA Coral Reef Conservation Program (CRCP) is a partnership between the NOAA Line Offices that work on coral reef issues: the National Ocean Service, the National Marine Fisheries Service, the Office of Oceanic and Atmospheric Research, and the National Environmental Satellite, Data and Information Service. The CRCP brings together expertise from across NOAA for a multidisciplinary approach to managing and understanding coral reef ecosystems.
In 2006, the Hawaii Coastal Zone Management (CZM) Program updated the Hawaii Ocean Resources Management Plan (ORMP), a statewide plan to protect and improve the condition of ocean resources in the state. While the ORMP does not specifically address climate change, the ORMP Working Group, established to ensure implementation and advancement of the plan, does support the development of adaptation strategies that lessen the impacts of climate change.
The ocean has absorbed a significant portion of all human-made carbon dioxide emissions. This benefits human society by moderating the rate of climate change, but also causes unprecedented changes to ocean chemistry. Carbon dioxide taken up by the ocean decreases the pH of the water and leads to a suite of chemical changes collectively known as ocean acidification. The long term consequences of ocean acidification are not known, but are expected to result in changes to many ecosystems and the services they provide to society.
Published as part of the HSBC Climate Partnership WWF-India’s living Ganga Programme, this report presents the results of a vulnerability assessment of people, livelihoods, and ecosystems performed along a critical stretch of the Ganga Basin from Gangotri to Kanpur. The Livelihoods Vulnerability Index Methodology (LVI-IPCC) was used in this study for the ultimate purpose of identifying releveant adaptation response strategies for this area.
Following through on recommendations from a 2008 climate change summit, the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission (FWC) worked with partners to conduct limited vulnerability assessments and adaptation planning for a subset of species. Those efforts provided the foundational science-based information for the revised State Wildlife Action Plan (2010).
The Florida Fish and Wildlife Commission (FWC) was established July 1, 1999 through an amendment approved in the 1998 general election, which combined all the staff and Commissioners of the former Marine Fisheries Commission, elements of the Divisions of Marine Resources and Law Enforcement of the Florida Department of Environmental Protection, and all of the employees and Commissioners of the former Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission. The FWC focuses on habitat management for the protection of wildlife species.