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Location

Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies
15-21 Nubeena Cres
7053 Taroona
Australia
42° 57' 1.3356" S, 147° 21' 16.5528" E
AU

Project Summary

The Global Marine Hotspots Network was created because the oceans are not warming evenly and those areas that are warming the fastest – ocean warming ‘hotspots’ – can be considered as the world’s natural laboratories to provide the knowledge and tools to enable us to adapt wisely, efficiently, and effectively to meet the challenges of a warming environment. The Network was designed to better understand the impacts of climate change on commercial fisheries, which support coastal communities and global industries.

Location

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
1401 Constitution Avenue NW Room 5128
20230 Washington, DC
United States
38° 53' 34.5336" N, 77° 1' 57.5652" W
US

Project Summary

NOAA Fisheries along with stakeholders, fishery management councils, fisheries organizations, and tribes are developing Regional Action Plans (RAPs) to prepare for and respond to climate impacts on marine and coastal resources. The objective of the RAPs is to develop regional implementation guidance of the seven objectives outlined in the 2015 NOAA Fisheries Climate Science Strategy for each region – Alaska, West Coast, Greater Atlantic, Pacific Islands, and Southeast and Caribbean – and to increase the production and use of information to support climate-informed fisheries management.

Location

Northeast Shelf
United States
42° 23' 46.7988" N, 67° 48' 27.4212" W
US
Author Name(s): 
Kathy Mills

Project Summary

The Northeast Shelf marine ecosystem has experienced substantial changes on seasonal, interannual, and decadal time scales. The abundance, distribution, and biological characteristics of marine fish and invertebrates have been affected by both the direct physical changes as well as by changes in lower trophic levels of the ecosystem. In turn, changes in fish and invertebrate populations have shaped fisheries, affecting the time and location at which fishing occurs as well as the effectiveness of management efforts.

Location

Golden Bay and Tasman Bay
New Zealand
40° 49' 9.7068" S, 173° 10' 48.8532" E
NZ

Project Summary

Effective species management requires an understanding of species’ response to changing conditions. The Atlantis model, used by the National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research, explores ecosystems to consider impacts of multiple factors. It is currently being used to consider fisheries, climate change, the impacts of pollutants, and habitat damage due to fishing and mining. While Atlantis has been used around the world, this project is focused on effectively modeling the Tasman and Golden Bays region, as well as Chatham Rise.

Location

New England
United States
41° 31' 48.612" N, 67° 40' 32.8116" W
US
Organization: 
Island Institute
Organization: 

Project Summary

What happens to island and coastal communities in a shifting ocean? This is a question many of Maine’s island and coastal communities are beginning to ask. With changing conditions above and below the ocean, it is important to start identifying these shifts and what coastal communities can do to start preparing. Changes to the natural environment mean new species may start showing up in fishermen’s traps or species that historically were important start disappearing.

Location

Gulf of Maine
United States
43° 12' 8.7228" N, 68° 22' 44.0616" W
US
Author Name(s): 
Kathy Mills

Project Summary

This NASA-funded project aims to forecast ecological change to support climate-informed management of natural resources in Maine by using NASA’s Earth Observing System Data and Information System (EOSDIS). Rapid climate change documented in Maine is currently challenging management and the sustainability of marine resources. The goal of this project is to develop forecasting models that estimate the distribution of sentinel species in the Gulf of Maine, such as small pelagic fish and squid.

Email Address: 
Position Title: 
Associate

Abstract

Several studies have documented fish populations changing in response to long-term warming. Over the past decade, sea surface temperatures in the Gulf of Maine increased faster than 99% of the global ocean. The warming, which was related to a northward shift in the Gulf Stream and to changes in the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation and Pacific Decadal Oscillation, led to reduced recruitment and increased mortality in the region’s Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) stock. Failure to recognize the impact of warming on cod contributed to overfishing.

Abstract

Research on changes in a coupled marine system of the Mid-Atlantic Bight, focusing on Atlantic surfclams and the associated fishery and management system, is reviewed for how the human dimensions of this coupled socio-ecological system are addressed by the researchers.

Abstract

Marine fisheries management strives to maintain sustainable populations while allowing exploitation. However, well-intentioned management plans may not meet this balance as most do not include the effect of climate change. Ocean temperatures are expected to increase through the 21st century, which will have far-reaching and complex impacts on marine fisheries. To begin to quantify these impacts for one coastal fishery along the east coast of the United States, we develop a coupled climate–population model for Atlantic croaker (Micropogonias undulatus).

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