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Abstract

The purpose of this white paper is to provide an overview of climate related adaptation and resilience oriented efforts underway at the Vermont Agency of Transportation (VTrans). In recognition of the potentially negative consequences of climate change to well-being of Vermont, VTrans is in process of incorporating adaptive management, policies, and plans into every level of planning, design, operations, and maintenance.Experts believe that global climate change will fuel increasingly frequent and severe weather events resulting in more frequent flooding in the Northeastern U.S.

Location

United States
43° 39' 11.6136" N, 79° 22' 59.4624" W

Project Summary/Overview

Like many cities in the Great Lakes region, Toronto is already experiencing the impacts and consequences of climate change. To better prepare for the future, the City of Toronto created a comprehensive climate change adaptation strategy in 2008. The development and implementation process of the adaptation strategy is well cataloged in subsequent reports and other documents. As of 2011, the City of Toronto has actively implemented 76 programs or projects designed to help Toronto adapt to climate change.

Location

United States
41° 29' 59.2836" N, 85° 52' 8.9076" W

Project Summary/Overview

Projected climate impacts in the Northwoods region include warmer temperatures, longer growing seasons, shifts in the timing and amount of precipitation, changes in soil moisture patterns, increasing pests and diseases, and more frequent storms, droughts, floods, and wildfires. These changes are likely to significantly affect the forests, ecosystems, and wildlife of the region. To help land managers and landowners prepare for and adapt to potential impacts, researchers at the Northern Institute of Applied Climate Science (NIACS) have led the development of the Climate Change Response Framework. This Framework walks stakeholders through vulnerability assessment and adaptation planning processes and provides users with a set of tools, partnerships, and actions to support climate-smart conservation and forest management.

Abstract

Since 2007, the Forest Service, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), the Fish and Wildlife Service, and the National Park Service have taken steps to establish strategic directions for addressing climate change adaptation.

Location

United States
45° 19' 42.4704" N, 83° 29' 45.9384" W

Project Summary/Overview

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) is involved in multiple climate-related projects and initiatives in the Great Lakes region. Some highlights include: Climate Ready Great Lakes, a three module set of training presentations to help develop a region that is “climate ready”; a supplement to the report Adapting to Climate Change: A Planning Guide for State Coastal Managers specific to the Great Lakes region; and a series of climate preparedness workshops. Many of these projects have been funded through the Great Lakes Restoration Initiative.

Abstract

Across the American West, water managers and communities are hungry for solutions and perhaps more for inspiration. As the climate warms and weather extremes become undeniable, having a secure supply of clean and abundant water — for our communities, our economy, our environment and our farms — is becoming a huge challenge. This report spotlights successful, sustainable and economically sensible steps ten communities are taking to make sure they will have water in the decades to come.

Location

United States
38° 47' 59.1504" N, 90° 21' 5.6268" W

Project Summary/Overview

The Central Hardwoods Climate Change Response Framework covers 42 million acres of southern Missouri, Illinois, and Indiana within Ecological Province 223 (Central Interior Broadleaf Forest) of the National Hierarchical Framework of Ecological Units. Provinces are broad geographic areas that share similar coarse features, such as climate, glacial history, and vegetation types. The shaded area on the map shows the portion of Ecological Province 223 within the analysis area, a mosaic of natural communities characterized by oak-hickory forests, woodlands and savannas.

A team representing federal and state land management agencies, private forest owners, conservation organizations, and others from Illinois, Indiana, and Missouri have come together to accomplish three objectives:

  1. Provide a forum to share the experiences and lessons learned of managers and scientists regarding forest management and climate change in the Central Hardwoods region of Missouri, Illinois, and Indiana.
  2. Develop new user-friendly tools that can help public and private land managers include climate change considerations in decision-making, including a forest ecosystem vulnerability assessment and a forest adaptation resources document.
  3. Support efforts by public land managers, private landowners, and conservation organizations to put these new tools to work on the ground across the Central Hardwoods region.

Location

United States
38° 14' 58.866" N, 80° 22' 33.5172" W

Project Summary/Overview

The Central Appalachians Climate Change Response Framework covers almost 26 million acres in eastern Ohio, West Virginia, and western Maryland within Ecological Provinces M221 (Central Appalachian Broadleaf Forest) and 221 (Eastern Broadleaf Forest – Oceanic) of the National Hierarchical Framework of Ecological Units. Provinces are broad geographic areas that share similar coarse features, such as climate, glacial history, and vegetation types. The shaded area on the map below shows the assessment area, a landscape comprised of some of the oldest and most biologically diverse forests in North America. Understanding and managing the impacts of climate change on the Central Appalachians’ diverse forests will help us maintain their many environmental, cultural, and economic benefits.

A team representing federal and state land management agencies, private forest owners, conservation organizations and others from Ohio, Maryland, and West Virginia have come together to accomplish three objectives:

  1. Provide a forum in which the experiences and lessons learned of those working across the Central Appalachians can be effectively and efficiently shared with all.
  2. Develop new user-friendly tools that can help public and private land managers to factor climate change considerations into their decision making, including a forest ecosystem vulnerability assessment and a forest adaptation resources document.
  3. Support efforts by public land managers, private landowners, and others to implement adaptive responses to climate change impacts in the Central Appalachians.

Location

United States
14° 46' 29.5788" S, 70° 55' 39.8424" W
Author Name(s): 
Diana Sietz, Sabino Edgar Mamani Choque, Matthias K.B. Lüdeke

Project Summary/Overview

Smallholder livelihoods in the Peruvian Altiplano (central Andes) are frequently threatened by weather extremes, including droughts, frosts and heavy rainfall. A project was undertaken to investigate characteristics of smallholder households that explain the link between climate vulnerability and food security. This study revealed distinct groups of smallholders with regard to their ability to meet food requirements. Taking up the basic concept of pattern analysis, vulnerability was assessed based on similarities at the household level. The pattern approach was extended in testing the validity of the identified patterns using outcomes of a specific exposure and reported mechanisms from independent information sources. Such a validated and manageable categorization of the heterogeneous characteristics of smallholder households provides a solid basis for advancing regional development initiatives.

Publication: Sietz, D., Mamani Choque, SE. and Lüdeke, MKB. (2012) Typical patterns of smallholder vulnerability to weather extremes with regard to food security in the Peruvian Altiplano. Regional Environmental Change 12(3): 489-505.

Location

United States
51° 11' 31.9092" N, 73° 7' 30" W

Project Summary/Overview

Quebec has been engaged in developing measures to address climate change since the 1990s. These activities include creating climate-specific institutions, action plans, and, most recently, a formal provincial adaptation strategy.

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