Washington’s Salmon Watcher Program


201 S. Jackson St.
98104 Seattle , WA
United States
47° 35' 55.7484" N, 122° 19' 51.3768" W
Washington US

The Salmon Watcher Program is one of the “Climate Steward” examples provided in the U.S. Global Change Research Program’s Climate Change, Wildlife, and Wildlands Toolkit for Formal and Informal Educators. The program trains volunteers to collect information on spawning salmon in streams and rivers throughout two Washington counties; these monitoring efforts help scientists determine natural and climate-based fluctuations in populations.

The National Estuarine Research Reserve’s “Planning for Climate Change” Workshop


10441 Bayview-Edison Road
98273 Mt. Vernon , WA
United States
48° 29' 39.4368" N, 122° 28' 51.168" W
Washington US

Pilot workshops were conducted in March 2009 to educate and train coastal managers and planners in Washington State on climate change impacts and adaptation strategies. These workshops were developed by an interdisciplinary team from the Padilla Bay National Estuarine Research Reserve (NERR), Washington Sea Grant, the University of Washington’s Climate Impacts Group, and King County with assistance from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and the Washington Department of Ecology.

Monitoring Lake Ice and Snow in Alaska – The Alaska Lake Ice and Snow Observatory Network (ALISON) Project


United States
66° 51' 19.1736" N, 150° 28' 7.5" W

The Alaska Lake Ice and Snow Observatory Network (ALISON) project is one of the “Climate Steward” examples provided in the U.S. Global Change Research Program’s Climate Change, Wildlife, and Wildlands Toolkit for Formal and Informal Educators. The project allows students and teachers to conduct research on snow and ice depth, density, cover, and thickness; this information is then incorporated into a larger data set to establish a baseline to measure the effects of climate change.

Advancing Adaptation Planning for Climate Change in the Inuvialuit Settlement Region (ISR): A Review and Critique

This paper reviews scientific and gray literature addressing climate change vulnerability and adaptation in the Inuvialuit Settlement Region (ISR) in the western Canadian Arctic. The review is structured using a vulnerability framework, and 420 documents related directly or indirectly to climate change are analyzed to provide insights on the current state of knowledge on climate change vulnerability in the ISR as a basis for supporting future research and long-term adaptation planning in the region. The literature documents evidence of climate change in the ISR which is compromising food security and health status, limiting transportation access and travel routes to hunting grounds, and damaging municipal infrastructure. Adaptations are being employed to manage changing conditions; however, many of the adaptations being undertaken are short term, ad-hoc, and reactive in nature. Limited long-term strategic planning for climate change is being undertaken. Current climate change risks are expected to continue in the future with further implications for communities but less is known about the adaptive capacity of communities. This review identifies the importance of targeted vulnerability research that works closely with community members and decision makers to understand the interactions between current and projected climate change and the factors which condition vulnerability and influence adaptation. Research gaps are identified, and recommendations for advancing adaptation planning are outlined.

Summary: Preliminary Assessment of Rhode Island’s Vulnerability to Climate Change and its Options for Adaptation Action

This report endeavors to support the cities and state of Rhode Island as they prepare for climate change risks by assessing and prioritizing these threats to its people, its key infrastructure, its ecosystems, and its major economic sectors. The goal is to encourage the state’s active response to climate change impacts by identifying some of the most critical issues that will have to be addressed, and by proposing cost-effective solutions for the state and its localities to consider implementing.

In suggesting actions, the authors have sought to build upon existing initiatives and local strengths, and to identify ways in which governments might 
Throughout the Report, the authors lay out a series of options that the State might consider, some based on efforts being taken around the world to adapt to climate change, and some based on the ideas of many local people and officials we interviewed. Much further detail on these and other points in this summary can be found at http://envstudies.brown.edu.

Climate Change Policy Responses for Canada's Inuit Population: The Importance of and Opportunities for Adaptation

We identify and examine how policy intervention can help Canada’s Inuit population adapt to climate change. The policy responses are based on an understanding of the determinants of vulnerability identified in research conducted with 15 Inuit communities. A consistent approach was used in each case study where vulnerability is conceptualized as a function of exposure-sensitivity to climatic risks and adaptive capacity to deal with those risks. This conceptualization focuses on the biophysical and human determinants of vulnerability and how they are influenced by processes and conditions operating at multiple spatial-temporal scales. Case studies involved close collaboration with community members and policy makers to identify conditions to which each community is currently vulnerable, characterize the factors that shape vulnerability and how they have changed over time, identify opportunities for adaptation policy, and examine how adaptation can be mainstreamed. Fieldwork, conducted between 2006 and 2009, included 443 semi-structured interviews, 20 focus groups/community workshops, and 65 interviews with policy makers at local, regional, and national levels. Synthesizing findings consistent across the case studies we document significant vulnerabilities, a function of socio-economic stresses and change, continuing and pervasive inequality, and magnitude of climate change. Nevertheless, adaptations are available, feasible, and Inuit have considerable adaptive capacity. Realizing this adaptive capacity and overcoming adaptation barriers requires policy intervention to: (i) support the teaching and transmission of environmental knowledge and land skills, (ii) enhance and review emergency management capability, (iii) ensure the flexibility of resource management regimes, (iv) provide economic support to facilitate adaptation for groups with limited household income, (v) increase research effort to identify short and long term risk factors and adaptive response options, (vi) protect key infrastructure, and (vii) promote awareness of climate change impacts and adaptation among policy makers.

2009 King County Climate Report

The 2009 King County Climate Report documents actions during the last year that implement the 2007 King County Climate Plan. It also gives an overview of anticipated activities for 2010. The report outlines progress and plans in four key areas: leadership, mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions, adaptation to prepare for the impacts of climate change, and assessment.

The county will anticipate and prepare for the impacts of climate change on the natural and built environment and on human health. The county’s citizens have major investments in public infrastructure that may be damaged by climate change impacts such as increased flood severity and sea level rise. It is prudent from a risk-management perspective to make investments now to avoid costly damage in the future. In these difficult economic times, the argument might be made that addressing climate change should not be a priority. However, many of the county’s climate response initiatives–such as switching to hybrid buses and installing LED traffic signals–have saved the government money while reducing emissions. The county will continue to pursue climate programs that save money, create new revenue streams, or lead to the creation of new green jobs for the region.

Climate Central is an independent nonprofit organization that was founded in 2008 to meet the need for a central authoritative source for climate change information.

Climate Central scientists publish peer-reviewed research on climate science; energy; impacts such as sea level rise; climate attribution and more. But our work isn't confined to scientific journals. We investigate and synthesize weather and climate data and science to equip local communities and media with the tools they need to visualize the threat of climate change and the need for practical solutions.

Tribal Climate Change Adaptation Options: A Review of Scientific Literature

From the Introduction:

Tribal Nations will likely be one of the most heavily impacted populations in North America by Climate Change due to several factors including an intimate, long-standing relationship with the land, limited and relatively non-diverse economies, poor energy security and transportation options, and the practice of subsistence activities in many communities. These characteristics of Tribal Nations make them more vulnerable or sensitive to the impacts of Climate Change. The most likely tribal resources effected by Climate Change are ecosystems, natural resource, human health and energy production and use. The purpose of this report is to summarize information in published scientific literature that identify physical changes in the climate due to Climate Change, to identify vulnerabilities of tribal resources to Climate Change, and to identify adaptation options that tribes in Region 10 could implement to minimize the possible adverse effects to their life style and well being. This report is intended to be a ‘living’ document and will be updated and revised, as needed, in response to the needs of the tribes, and to incorporate the most recent information on Climate Change adaptation in the scientific literature.

The impacts of Climate Change, as predicted by various models, includes increasing air temperatures, changing precipitation patterns, increasing severity of drought in arid climates, more frequent extreme weather events, earlier snow melt in the mountains, and rising ocean levels. These climatic impacts have the potential to adversely affect the biodiversity and function of ecosystems, availability and quality of natural resources, productivity of agriculture and forestry, human health, and societal infrastructure. A dynamic interaction exists between people and ecosystems and natural resources. People both directly and indirectly drive change in ecosystems and natural resources, and the changes in ecosystems and natural resources cause changes in human well-being. The effects of Climate Change are already being experienced in various regions of the world by various people, and the effects of Climate Change are predicted to increase as concentrations of man-made greenhouse gases (GHGs) in the atmosphere continue to increase. Adaptation is widely recognized in the literature as a tool to minimize the effects of Climate Change on ecosystems and natural resource

EcoAdapt is at the center of climate change adaptation innovation. We provide support, training, and assistance to make conservation and management less vulnerable and more Climate Savvy. Over the past 200 years, great strides have been made in the world of conservation and now all of that is at risk because of climate change. EcoAdapt is working to ensure the success of these past efforts by delivering a framework for climate adaptation.