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Abstract

Innovative and unique solutions are being devised throughout the national park system to adapt to climate change in coastal parks. The 24 case studies in this document describe efforts at national park units in a variety of settings to prepare for and respond to climate change impacts that can take the form of either an event or a trend. Examples of these impacts include increased storminess, sea level rise, shoreline erosion, melting sea ice and permafrost, ocean acidification, warming temperatures, groundwater inundation, precipitation, and drought.

Location

Denver , CO
United States
39° 44' 21.2496" N, 104° 59' 24.9036" W
Colorado US
Author Name(s): 
Rebecca Beavers, Maria Caffrey

Project Summary

The National Park Service Geologic Resources Division (NPS GRD) is working with the University of Colorado Boulder to develop sea level change and storm surge data that parks can use for planning purposes over multiple time horizons. 

Location

United States
38° 6' 41.2704" N, 75° 12' 19.9296" W
US
Author Name(s): 
Trish Kicklighter

Project Summary

Assateague Island National Seashore is developing a general management plan that addresses projected climate change impacts on resources and infrastructure. The plan must include a range of management tools for improving resource resiliency and repairing facilities that will be impacted by climate change and storms. 

Location

United States
37° 49' 31.1808" N, 122° 29' 55.536" W
US
Author Name(s): 
Jodi Eshleman and Kristen Ward

Project Summary

Golden Gate National Recreation Area is collaborating with local, state, and federal agencies to develop a long-term management strategy for Ocean Beach, where bluff erosion threatens natural and recreational resources, wastewater infrastructure, and a roadway (the Great Highway). Sea level rise and increased storminess are expected to increase the frequency of erosional events. 

Location

United States
27° 53' 15.5004" N, 81° 17' 55.7808" W
US

Project Summary

Although Florida habitats and species face significant threats related to sea level rise, Florida’s first state wildlife action plan did not comprehensively consider climate change impacts. The Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission (FWC) worked with partners to assess species vulnerability using new models and approaches during the first revision of the state wildlife action plan. 

Location

United States
30° 23' 37.6512" N, 86° 45' 51.0588" W
US
Author Name(s): 
Dan Brown

Project Summary

In Florida, the Fort Pickens Road within Gulf Islands National Seashore is regularly destroyed by storms, and repairs are expensive and time consuming. The park continues to reevaluate the local conditions and implement cost-effective, sustainable modes of visitor access to Fort Pickens beaches and the historic fort. 

Location

11800 Marsh View Ln
21811 Berlin , MD
United States
38° 19' 21.414" N, 75° 13' 3.6804" W
Maryland US
Author Name(s): 
Ish Ennis

Project Summary

Assateague Island National Seashore is responsible for maintaining and managing access to a recreational beach that is impacted by storms multiple times each year. Maintaining the recreational beach in its present location is unsustainable in the face of continued storms, shoreline erosion, and sea level rise. The park must develop cost-effective, sustainable ways to provide a recreational beach and beach access that are acceptable to local interests and visitors. 

Location

United States
30° 12' 40.5396" N, 88° 57' 24.066" W
US
Author Name(s): 
Larissa Read

Project Summary

The large-scale project known as the Mississippi Coastal Improvements Program (MsCIP) is intended to restore multiple barrier islands and protect cultural resources within Gulf Islands National Seashore by recreating sediment transport processes and replacing a portion of sediment lost to dredging and storm impacts. 

Location

United States
34° 40' 31.2924" N, 76° 37' 54.1164" W
US
Author Name(s): 
Mark Kinzer and Patrick Kenney

Project Summary

Cape Lookout National Seashore had to evaluate whether it was appropriate to pursue opportunities to mitigate shoreline erosion along Shackleford Banks, a proposed wilderness area.

Location

07732 Highlands , NJ
United States
40° 24' 13.392" N, 73° 59' 29.4972" W
New Jersey US
Author Name(s): 
Patricia Rafferty, Amanda Babson

Project Summary

Gateway National Recreation Area partnered with other state and federal agencies to restore wetlands in Jamaica Bay, a eutrophic urban estuary, through sediment addition and plantings. While the project was not driven by climate change concerns, addressing marsh elevation loss is consistent with methods to address sea level rise.

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