Review of Current and Planned Adaptation Action: South Asia

Faisal Islam, Hilary Hove, and Jo-Ellen Parry
Created: 11/29/2011 - Updated: 2/20/2018

Abstract

Growing understanding of the need to adapt to the impacts of climate change has led to a significant increase in ongoing and planned adaptation action in the developing regions of the world, including South Asia. This upsurge in climate change adaptation action is a welcome occurrence, but enhanced coordination among expanding networks of adaptation actors is needed to ensure resources are deployed quickly and effectively. Responding to this concern, a review of current and planned adaptation action in Central Asia was undertaken by the Adaptation Partnership1 between October 2010 and April 2011. Covering the countries of Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka, the rapid review examined: priority adaptation needs; efforts by governments to support adaptation though policy and planning; the scope of international support for adaptation efforts in different countries and sectors; and potential gaps in adaptation efforts at the country and regional levels. This review of adaptation action in South Asia is one of 12 profiles covering regions in Africa, Asia-Pacific, and Latin America and the Caribbean completed by the Adaptation Partnership.

Published On

Wednesday, November 30, 2011

Keywords

Scale: 
Regional / Subnational
Sector Addressed: 
Conservation / Restoration
Target Climate Changes and Impacts: 
Air temperature
Biodiversity
Diseases or parasites
Economics
Erosion
Fishery harvest
Flooding
Infrastructure damage
Precipitation
Public health risks
Sea level rise
Snowpack
Storms or extreme weather events
Tourism
Water quality
Water supply
Type of Adaptation Action/Strategy: 
Natural Resource Management / Conservation
Incorporate future conditions into natural resources planning and policies
Reduce local climate or related change
Capacity Building
Increase / Improve public awareness, education, and outreach efforts
Conduct / Gather additional research, data, and products
Conduct vulnerability assessments and studies
Initiate targeted research program
Monitor climate change impacts and adaptation efficacy
Infrastructure, Planning, and Development
Infrastructure retrofitting and improvements
Make infrastructure resistant or resilient to climate change
Community Planning (developing climate-smart communities)
Governance and Policy
Create new or enhance existing policies or regulations
Develop / implement adaptation plans
Develop / implement adaptive management strategies
Maintain adequate financial resources for adaptation
Climate Type: 
Temperate
Tropical