State and Trends in Adaptation Report 2022: Adaptation at the Core of a Prosperous Africa in an Uncertain and Warming World

Global Center on Adaptation (GCA)
Posted on: 6/12/2023 - Updated on: 6/12/2023

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State and Trends in Adaptation 2022 Report: Africa (Volume 2) expands on the in-depth analyses provided in State and Trends in Adaptation 2021 by widening its scope of sector and thematic areas, regional coverage, and undertaking deep dives at the country level for specific topics.

The 2021 report laid a strong foundation for creating a more resilient, more prosperous Africa. This new 2022 State and Trends in Adaptation report is designed to build on that foundation, with a goal of accelerating the pace of progress while considering the challenging global and regional economic conditions. The 2022 report builds upon and complements the 2021 report. The first report includes topics ranging from food systems to gender and water that are not repeated here. We recommend that readers view the two reports as an integrated review of climate adaptation for the region.

This report first updates the growing impacts of climate change on African nations. In 2021 and 2022, for example, major wildfires swept across Algeria; devastating floods stuck Niger, Sudan, South Sudan, and Mali; the Horn of Africa region was struck by drought; and three strong tropical cyclones hit Mozambique and other Southern African countries, destroying buildings, displacing thousands of people, flooding farmlands, and crippling economies. Such impacts pose increasing threats to food systems, ecosystems, water resources, human health, and economic growth. The magnitude of many of these climate shocks can overwhelm communities, entire regions, or even small nations. The global humanitarian support system is stretched in its mission to help affected populations and economies.

The report then uses in-depth analyses and numerous case studies to identify innovative adaptation and resilience ideas, new solutions, the most effective regulatory and legal instruments, and new recommendations for action. Given the tight fiscal situation of most African nations and the economic challenges of their communities, the report pays special attention to adaptation actions with lower costs and significant benefits, including nature-based solutions (NBS) and locally led adaptation programs.

In particular, the report covers three major topics in its three sections:

  1. The first point of focus is boosting the amount of finance that is available for adaptation and using that money in the most effective ways. Some of the key opportunities lie in the private sector, where companies can not only reduce their own risks from the impacts of climate change but also take advantage of new markets and new businesses in the adaptation space.
  2. The second topic is how to accelerate progress on adaptation in individual sectors, such as agriculture or cities. This section also provides a comprehensive evaluation of the innovative Africa Adaptation Acceleration Program (AAAP), developed as an Africa-owned and Africa-led response to the climate crisis. The AAAP supports programs across multiple sectors.
  3. The third section covers the themes and opportunities that cut across multiple sectors. They include improving education, empowering youth and stimulating entrepreneurship, improving security, and identifying further research to help unlock the many benefits of successful adaptation measures.


Global Center on Adaptation (2022). State and Trends in Adaptation Reports 2021 and 2022: Executive Summaries and Syntheses. Rotterdam and Abidjan.

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