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This document represents an initial evaluation of vulnerability for conifer habitats based on expert input and existing information. Specifically, the information presented comprises habitat expert vulnerability assessment survey results and comments, peer-review comments and revisions, and relevant references from the literature. The aim of this document is to expand understanding of habitat vulnerability to changing climate conditions, and to provide a foundation for developing appropriate adaptation responses. 

View the longer technical synthesis here


Location Focus: 
Southern California

Recommended Document Citation

Hilberg, L. E., W. A. Reynier, and J. M. Kershner. 2017. Southern California Conifer Habitats: Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment Summary. Version 1.0. EcoAdapt, Bainbridge Island, WA.This document is available online at the EcoAdapt website (