Climate Change Action Plans for Tlicho First Nation Communities

Created: 1/07/2011 - Updated: 3/02/2020


The effects of climate change (e.g., warming trends) are already being experienced by communities in the Northwest Territories (NWT). To help plan and prepare for the likely impacts of climate change, the Tlicho Government partnered with Ecology North, a non-profit organization dedicated to supporting sound environmental decision-making at individual, community, and regional levels, to develop specific climate change action plans for the communities of Behchoko, Wekweeti, Whati, and Gameti. In addition, the Tlicho government plans to knit the community action plans into a regional climate change adaptation plan.


The Tlicho First Nation is located in the NWT, Canada, and includes the communities of Behchoko, Wekweeti, Whati, and Gameti. Communities in the NWT are already experiencing the effects of climate change, and these effects are likely to impact institutions, travel, infrastructure, and food and water supplies in the Tlicho communities. Since 2008, Ecology North has been working with the Tlicho Government to help the Tlicho communities prepare for and adapt to climate change impacts through the development of community action plans.


From 2008-2009, research including literature reviews and discussions with technical and scientific experts was conducted to determine the effects of climate change in the Tlicho region. Profiles that included basic information such as demographics, language, employment, geography, transportation, education, health, housing, electricity, and food and water were also completed for each community. Following this step, Ecology North conducted community consultations through Elder interviews and public meetings in order to begin to develop community action plans. Consultations with community members helped to identify community concerns, current observations of climate change impacts, adaptation priorities, and community capacity. In addition, Community Advisory Committees, consisting of representatives from each Tlicho community, helped guide the planning process to ensure that it conformed to Tlicho values and traditions.

Information gathered from scientific research as well as through community consultations identified several priority areas for community action plans including water, invasive species, forest fires, and hazardous waste disposal. Forest fires and hazardous waste disposal are likely to be exacerbated by climate change and were identified as priority areas that need to be acted upon immediately. For example, permafrost thaw and instability as a result of climate change impacts is likely to increase the risk of hazardous waste leaching into water sources from community landfills. Similarly, fuel tanks are also a concern because permafrost thaw is likely to increase the risk that leaking fuel tanks and historic spills will leach into aquatic environments. While water and invasive species are recognized as important issues, regionally-specific information is currently lacking and will need to be addressed in the future.

Outcomes and Conclusions

As of November 2010, climate change action plans and posters had been developed for each of the four Tlicho communities. Ecology North has been working with each community to adopt and implement plans through implementation workshops. These workshops included a regional hazardous waste workshop in Behchoko and fuel tank workshops in Whati, Gameti and Wekweeti. Ecology North is hoping that the next set of implementation workshops will focus on issues such as food security and ecological monitoring. In addition, they plan to develop community-based monitoring programs for invasive species identification as well as monitor water quality and stream flow. Ecology North is also working with the Tlicho Government to knit the individual community plans together into a regional plan. The project is expected to be completed by March 2011.


Updated January 2011


Kershner, J. (2011). Climate Change Action Plans for Tlicho First Nation Communities [Case study on a project of Ecology North]. Product of EcoAdapt's State of Adaptation Program. Retrieved from CAKE:… (Last updated January 2011)

Project Contact(s)

Ecology North is a charitable, non-profit organization based in Yellowknife that was formed in 1971 to support sound environmental decision-making on an individual, community and regional level. 


Scale of Project
Community / Local
Tribal / First Nation
Sector Addressed
Rural / Indigenous Livelihoods
Target Climate Changes and Impacts
Infrastructure damage
Invasive / non-native species, pests
Water quality
Climate Type
Type of Adaptation Action/Strategy
Natural Resource Management / Conservation
Reduce non-climate stressors
Capacity Building
Increase / Improve public awareness, education, and outreach efforts
Conduct / Gather additional research, data, and products
Host adaptation training or planning workshop
Create stakeholder engagement processes to develop and implement adaptation strategies
Monitor climate change impacts and adaptation efficacy
Sociopolitical Setting
Effort Stage
In progress