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Development of a Climate Change Adaptation State Plan in Campeche, Mexico

Created: 1/05/2011 - Updated: 5/08/2019

Photo attributed to Jiuguang Wang. Incorporated here under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.0 Generic license. No endorsement by licensor implied.

Summary

Each State in Mexico is mandated to complete a Climate Change Action Plan. In the State of Campeche, the Ministry of Environment and Sustainability is working with the local university's Center of Ecology, Fisheries and Oceanography of the Gulf of Mexico (EPOMEX) to prepare a plan for the region. The Ministry of Environment and Sustainability is also working to design, implement, and enforce state environmental policies to promote environmental protection and preservation of natural resources. As part of their work, the State of Campeche is also promoting public awareness to promote stakeholder support.

Background

In September 1997, Campeche emerged as one of the most advanced states at the national level in terms of environmental protection concerns through the designation of four natural protected areas. These protected areas represent approximately 847,000 hectares. The Ministry of Environment and Sustainability works in the protection of natural resources as outlined in Article 24 of the State Civil Service and includes five departments - Environmental Protection, Natural Protected Areas, Ecological Culture, Flora and Fauna, and Inspection and Monitoring. As part of these programs, the Ministry of Environment and Sustainability is starting to develop climate change adaptation plans in the protected areas along with restoration projects.

Implementation

The Ministry of Environment and Sustainability has been working to strengthen sustainable management and use in protected areas throughout the State of Campeche. It seeks to promote participatory planning in building communities for productive projects and implement physical infrastructure restoration, management, and conservation in protected areas and wetlands in the state. As part of these objectives, the Ministry of Environment and Sustainability is working in the development and support of a climate change adaptation plan. To date, the Ministry has held several workshops on management, conservation, and adaptation planning to identify priority areas for restoration, protection, and monitoring. It has actively promoted dissemination of educational and outreach materials for public support. Additionally, capacity building among the state agencies has been promoted. On the legal side, the State of Campeche has updated the Regulatory Framework on Environment and Sustainability.

Outcomes and Conclusions

These efforts have generated support for a Regional Strategy on Climate Change in the Yucatán Peninsula, including the states of Quintana Roo, Campeche, and Yucatán. There are commitments to establish a regional policy and action group to build capacity, and develop public policies and measures aimed at mitigation and adaptation to reduce the region's vulnerability to climate change. At COP 16, the three states of the Yucatán Peninsula signed onto the creation of a Regional Commission on Climate Change. Campeche has also joined the Governors’ Climate and Forests Task Force, a multi-jurisdictional collaborative effort between 14 states and provinces from Brazil, Indonesia, Mexico, Nigeria, Peru, and the United States focused on the developing Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD) projects. With the support of the National Forestry Commission (CONAFOR), The Nature Conservancy, and the collaboration of the states of Campeche, Yucatán and Quintana Roo, the Yucatán Peninsula Regional Strategy for REDD+ was advanced in order to identify areas of interest by international mechanisms, as well as regulated and voluntary markets.

Status

Information collected through interviews and publications. Last updated January 2011.

Citation

Score, A. (2011). Development of a Climate Change Adaptation State Plan in Campeche, Mexico [Case study on a project of the Campeche Ministry of Environment and Sustainability and the Center of Ecology, Fisheries, and Oceanography of the Gulf of Mexico]. Product of EcoAdapt's State of Adaptation Program. Retrieved from CAKE: http://www.cakex.org/case-studies/development-climate-change-adaptation-... (Last updated January 2011)

Project Contacts

Position Title: 
Titular de la Secretaría de Ecología

The Campeche Ministry of Environment and Sustainability (Campeche Secretaría de Medio Ambiente y Aprovechamiento Sustentable) is responsible for the integration of environmental policies in the social, economic,

EPOMEX promotes research and training, human resources in priority on the protection and evaluation of coastal ecosystems and renewable biological resources.

Keywords

Scale of Project: 
State / Provincial
Sector Addressed: 
Agriculture
Conservation / Restoration
Fisheries
Forestry
Land Use Planning
Water Resources
Wildlife
Target Climate Changes and Impacts: 
Air temperature
Biodiversity
Culture / communities
Fishery harvest
Flooding
Habitat extent
Precipitation
Range shifts
Sea level rise
Storms or extreme weather events
Water quality
Water supply
Water temperature
Climate Type: 
Tropical
Type of Adaptation Action/Strategy: 
Natural Resource Management / Conservation
Incorporate future conditions into natural resources planning and policies
Capacity Building
Increase / Improve public awareness, education, and outreach efforts
Host adaptation training or planning workshop
Governance and Policy
Create new or enhance existing policies or regulations
Develop / implement adaptation plans
Sociopolitical Setting: 
Urban
Rural
Effort Stage: 
In progress