Development of a Climate Change Adaptation State Plan in Campeche, Mexico
Each State in Mexico is mandated to complete a Climate Change Action Plan. In the State of Campeche, the Ministry of Environment and Sustainability is working with the local university's Center of Ecology, Fisheries and Oceanography of the Gulf of Mexico (EPOMEX) to prepare a plan for the region. The Ministry of Environment and Sustainability is also working to design, implement, and enforce state environmental policies to promote environmental protection and preservation of natural resources. As part of their work, the State of Campeche is also promoting public awareness to promote stakeholder support.
In September 1997, Campeche emerged as one of the most advanced states at the national level in terms of environmental protection concerns through the designation of four natural protected areas. These protected areas represent approximately 847,000 hectares. The Ministry of Environment and Sustainability works in the protection of natural resources as outlined in Article 24 of the State Civil Service and includes five departments - Environmental Protection, Natural Protected Areas, Ecological Culture, Flora and Fauna, and Inspection and Monitoring. As part of these programs, the Ministry of Environment and Sustainability is starting to develop climate change adaptation plans in the protected areas along with restoration projects.
The Ministry of Environment and Sustainability has been working to strengthen sustainable management and use in protected areas throughout the State of Campeche. It seeks to promote participatory planning in building communities for productive projects and implement physical infrastructure restoration, management, and conservation in protected areas and wetlands in the state. As part of these objectives, the Ministry of Environment and Sustainability is working in the development and support of a climate change adaptation plan. To date, the Ministry has held several workshops on management, conservation, and adaptation planning to identify priority areas for restoration, protection, and monitoring. It has actively promoted dissemination of educational and outreach materials for public support. Additionally, capacity building among the state agencies has been promoted. On the legal side, the State of Campeche has updated the Regulatory Framework on Environment and Sustainability.
Outcomes and Conclusions
These efforts have generated support for a Regional Strategy on Climate Change in the Yucatán Peninsula, including the states of Quintana Roo, Campeche, and Yucatán. There are commitments to establish a regional policy and action group to build capacity, and develop public policies and measures aimed at mitigation and adaptation to reduce the region's vulnerability to climate change. At COP 16, the three states of the Yucatán Peninsula signed onto the creation of a Regional Commission on Climate Change. Campeche has also joined the Governors’ Climate and Forests Task Force, a multi-jurisdictional collaborative effort between 14 states and provinces from Brazil, Indonesia, Mexico, Nigeria, Peru, and the United States focused on the developing Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD) projects. With the support of the National Forestry Commission (CONAFOR), The Nature Conservancy, and the collaboration of the states of Campeche, Yucatán and Quintana Roo, the Yucatán Peninsula Regional Strategy for REDD+ was advanced in order to identify areas of interest by international mechanisms, as well as regulated and voluntary markets.
Score, A. (2011). Development of a Climate Change Adaptation State Plan in Campeche, Mexico [Case study on a project of the Campeche Ministry of Environment and Sustainability and the Center of Ecology, Fisheries, and Oceanography of the Gulf of Mexico]. Product of EcoAdapt's State of Adaptation Program. Retrieved from CAKE: http://www.cakex.org/case-studies/development-climate-change-adaptation… (Last updated January 2011)