The Igliniit Inuit Sea Ice Use and Occupancy Project

Created: 7/15/2010 - Updated: 2/12/2018

Summary

The Igliniit Project in Nunavut, Canada, supports the use of a GPS device that can be mounted on indigenous Inuit hunters’ snow machines to track routes, weather conditions such as temperature and pressure, and observations of hazards, sea ice, and animals. The data provided in these devices are then used to create community maps that provide qualitative and quantitative information to inform status and trends in hunting patterns and land and sea ice characteristics.

Background

“Igliniits” are trails or roads that are routinely traveled on by members of an Inuit community. Over time, the location, use, and conditions change on Igliniits; scientists are using integrated GPS systems that can be attached to snow machines as hunters travel throughout the Canadian Arctic. This project began in 2007 as a collaboration between the Clyde River hunters and the University of Calgary engineers; it is funded as part of the Inuit Sea Ice Use and Occupancy Project (ISIUOP), based out of Carleton University in Ottawa, Ontario.

Implementation

The Igliniit Project is being conducted in collaboration with Inuit hunters and engineers. The GPS system, when attached to snowmobiles/machines, logs its location every thirty seconds, weather conditions (temperature, humidity, pressure), and the observations of hunters through a user-friendly icon interface. The hunters also carry digital cameras to catalog certain waypoints or hazards. The data is transferred to community maps and, over time, will provide a picture of the Inuit land-sea ice characteristics in the region in order to identify shifting conditions.

Outcomes and Conclusions

The Igliniit Project is scheduled to run through 2011. If the prototype project is successful, the system may be transferred to neighboring communities in the Arctic to help with environmental monitoring, land use planning, and search and rescue missions.

Status

Information gathered from online resources. Last updated on 7/3/10.

Citation

Feifel, K. (2010). The Igliniit Inuit Sea Ice Use and Occupancy Project [Case study on a project of Sea Ice Knowledge and Use (SIKU)]. Product of EcoAdapt's State of Adaptation Program. Retrieved from CAKE: www.cakex.org/case-studies/igliniit-inuit-sea-ice-use-and-occupancy-project (Last updated July 2010)

Project Contacts

SIKU is one of several IPY 2007-2008 projects aimed at documenting indigenous observations of environmental changes in the polar areas, with its specific focus on sea ice and the use of ice-covered habitats by the residents of the Arctic. Incidentally, the project's acronym SIKU is also the most common word for sea ice (siku) in all Eskimo/Inuit languages, from Chukotka to Alaska, Canada, and Greenland.

The National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC) supports research into our world's frozen realms: the snow, ice, glaciers, frozen ground, and climate interactions that make up Earth's cryosphere.

NSIDC manages and distributes scientific data, creates tools for data access, supports data users, performs scientific research, and educates the public about the cryosphere.

Keywords

Scale of Project: 
Tribal / First Nation
Sector Addressed: 
Rural / Indigenous Livelihoods
Target Climate Changes and Impacts: 
Air temperature
Culture / communities
Permafrost
Precipitation
Snowpack
Climate Type: 
Polar
Type of Adaptation Action/Strategy: 
Natural Resource Management / Conservation
Capacity Building
Conduct / Gather additional research, data, and products
Initiate targeted research program
Sociopolitical Setting: 
Rural
Effort Stage: 
In progress