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Maryland's Coast-Smart Communities Initiative

Created: 12/18/2010 - Updated: 5/08/2019

Photo attributed to Fritz Geller-Grimm. Incorporated here under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.5 Generic license. No endorsement by licensor implied.

Summary

The Coast-Smart Communities Initiative is charged with providing a toolbox of resources to help Maryland counties and towns develop climate-smart management policies and on-the-ground measures. The Initiative, housed under the Department of Natural Resources, developed a Community Scorecard, Coastal Communities Initiative competitive grant, Maryland’s Coastal Atlas, and a number of case studies to act as models for other local governments.

Background

In 2009, Maryland launched the Coast-Smart Communities Initiative to provide a support center for local governments dealing with the impacts of climate change. The Coast-Smart program consists of a number of efforts to support the planning and implementation of adaptation policies. The program’s services aim to help facilitate the adaptation planning process from start to finish by providing  Maryland’s local governments with necessary financial resources, technical support, data, and local case studies.

Implementation

The following are the resources provided by the Coast-Smart Communities Initiative:

Coast-Smart Community Scorecard - The scorecard was developed to help local governments assess how well their community is prepared for the impacts of climate change. The Scorecard will act a template for local governments to conduct an assessment of their vulnerability and will also underline the necessity for diverse and unique solutions for every community. It will not advocate for a rigid course of action but a flexible set of strategies to integrate sea level rise and coastal storms into their planning and management.

Coastal Communities Initiative (CCI) grant program - To provide local governments with the financial resources to dedicate time and staff to developing adaptation strategies, Coast-Smart developed the CCI competitive grant program. All municipalities and counties in Maryland’s coastal zone are eligible for the annual request for proposals. Grant recipients are also eligible for technical support by the Coast-Smart Initiative's staff.

Maryland’s Coastal Atlas - The Coastal Atlas is part of Maryland’s iMap tools, which provide access to coastal data and mapping visualization tools to analyze data sets. The Atlas will include shoreline erosion data, storm surge inundation areas, and high risk sea level rise areas. The Atlas is still under construction.

Maryland County Case Studies - The Coast-Smart Initiative initially undertook three initial projects in Somerset, Worcester, and Dorchester counties, some of Maryland’s most at-risk coastline areas. The Coast-Smart program provided financial support through the CCI grant program as well as the needed technical support. Each county had a slightly different process and came up with different solutions but the documents produced act as guiding documents for other local governments.

Outcomes and Conclusions

Without national legislation on climate change mitigation or adaptation, many states and local jurisdictions have been grappling with how to plan and prepare for the impacts of climate change. The Coast-Smart Communities Initiative is one of the most innovative government programs dealing with climate change in the country. While the program only began in 2009, it has already provided extensive support to many of Maryland’s local governments thus increasing the states resiliency and preparedness. The Initiative coupled technical support, data, and case studies with the financial support necessary to help local governments dedicate the time and staff needed to make changes.

Status

Information collected through interviews and online resources. Updated 12/18/10

Citation

Hitt, J. (2010). Maryland's Coast-Smart Communities Initiative [Case study on a project of Maryland's Chesapeake & Coastal Program]. Product of EcoAdapt's State of Adaptation Program. Retrieved from CAKE: http://www.cakex.org/case-studies/marylands-coast-smart-communities-init... (Last updated December 2010)

Project Contacts

The Maryland Chesapeake & Coastal Program, administered by the Maryland Department of Natural Resources, is a partnership among local, regional and state agencies. The Program collaborates with many private organizations, such as local land trusts and economic development groups. Through this networked approach, no one agency or department is responsible for Maryland’s entire coast. Rather, all partners help to ensure its proper management.

Keywords

Scale of Project: 
State / Provincial
Sector Addressed: 
Conservation / Restoration
Fisheries
Forestry
Water Resources
Wildlife
Target Climate Changes and Impacts: 
Air temperature
Biodiversity
Culture / communities
Economics
Erosion
Flooding
Habitat extent
Infrastructure damage
Oxygen concentrations (hypoxia)
Salinization / Saltwater intrusion
Sea level rise
Storms or extreme weather events
Water quality
Water temperature
Climate Type: 
Temperate
Timeframe: 
Ongoing
Type of Adaptation Action/Strategy: 
Capacity Building
Increase / Improve public awareness, education, and outreach efforts
Create stakeholder engagement processes to develop and implement adaptation strategies
Infrastructure, Planning, and Development
Community Planning (developing climate-smart communities)
Sociopolitical Setting: 
Urban
Rural
Suburban
Effort Stage: 
In progress

Related Resources

Sea Level Rise Guidance for Somerset County, Maryland

Photo attributed to Lee Cannon. Incorporated here under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.0 Generic license. No endorsement by licensor implied.

Case Study
Sector Addressed: 
Agriculture
Conservation / Restoration
Fisheries
Forestry
Land Use Planning
Transportation / Infrastructure
Water Resources
Wildlife
Summary: 

Somerset County received a grant through Maryland’s Coast-Smart Communities Initiative grant program to assess the county’s vulnerability to climate change and develop a plan of action to prepare for those impacts.

Sea Level Rise Guidance for Dorchester County, Maryland

Photo attributed to Worldislandinfo.com. Incorporated here under the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic license. No endorsement by licensor implied.

Case Study
Sector Addressed: 
Agriculture
Conservation / Restoration
Fisheries
Forestry
Land Use Planning
Transportation / Infrastructure
Water Resources
Wildlife
Summary: 

Dorchester County is Maryland’s second largest county and includes over 350,000 acres of wetlands, tidal marshes, creeks, and other low-lying lands. Around half of the county’s landscape lies at elevations below 4.9 feet, making it one of Maryland’s most at-risk counties to sea level rise.

Planning for Sea Level Rise and Storm Surge in Worcester County, Maryland

This image has been released into the public domain because it contains materials that originally came from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. No endorsement by licensor implied.

Case Study
Sector Addressed: 
Conservation / Restoration
Land Use Planning
Tourism / Recreation
Transportation / Infrastructure
Summary: 

In 2001, the Worcester County Planning Commission voted to update the county's Comprehensive Development Plan. The county assessed the threat of sea level rise as well as storm surge and incorporated these findings into the revised comprehensive plan.