Mobilizing the Workforce to Address Climate Change: Los Angeles County Public Health Department

California Department of Public Health
Created: 2/26/2020 - Updated: 2/26/2020

Summary

Under the leadership of Dr. Jonathan Fielding, former Director of Public Health and Health Officer, the Los Angeles County Department of Public Health (LACDPH) took steps to position itself to address the serious public health challenges that climate change will bring. Seeking a strategic and organized approach, an intradepartmental workgroup was convened to provide input into the development of a department-wide plan. The resulting Five-Point Plan to Reduce the Health Impacts of Climate Change featured five strategic priority areas related to education, fostering climate change mitigation and adaptation strategies in the wider community, internal capacity building, and internal best practices to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The Five-Point Plan focuses on integrating climate change into current activities using existing resources in order to leverage the entire LACDPH workforce to undertake climate change work.

Background

Los Angeles County is located in the South Coast Region. With nearly 10 million residents it is the most populous county in California and the United States. In Los Angeles County, climate change is projected to increase the risk of heat waves, air pollution, wildfires, water insecurity, severe storms, and flooding from sea level rise and storm surges. These effects will have a significant impact on public health, with disproportionate impacts to the area’s most vulnerable populations, including children, elders, people with chronic diseases, outdoor workers, people living in poverty, and some communities of color.

The Five-Point Plan to Reduce the Health Impacts of Climate Change includes:

  • INFORM: Inform and engage the general public about the nature of climate change and the health co-benefits associated with taking action to reduce carbon emissions.
  • PROMOTE: Promote local planning, land use, transportation, water, and energy policies that reduce carbon emissions and support the design of healthy and sustainable communities.
  • PROVIDE: Provide guidance on climate preparedness to local government and community partners to reduce health risks and create more resilient communities.
  • BUILD: Build the capacity of Departmental staff and programs to monitor health impacts, integrate climate preparedness, and improve climate response.
  • ADOPT: Adopt best management practices to reduce carbon emissions associated with Departmental facilities and internal operations.

A cornerstone of the Five-Point Plan is building the capacity of the public health workforce to tackle climate change. To address professional development needs for staff, the department partnered with University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Fielding School of Public Health. Through this partnership, the department leveraged UCLA’s public health and climate change expertise to create a series of scientifically rigorous, yet accessible curriculum for climate and health workshops. Beyond raising awareness, the sessions were designed to encourage staff to contribute to the department’s climate action plan, and engage in future collaboration to integrate climate change considerations across the department’s programs and services.

Implementation

The 16-session Climate & Health Workshop Series was focused on promoting staff engagement with the material. Workshops featured a 20-25 minute lecture on a specific topic area taught by UCLA faculty or doctoral students, followed by an interactive 45-minute brainstorming session, during which staff broke into groups to grapple with the issues presented in the lecture. These breakout groups engaged staff to talk through and develop creative yet feasible strategies that could be used in climate action planning documents. The group discussions also allowed staff to envision how a climate and health perspective could be incorporated into their own work. For example, staff reviewed the county’s heat response plan during a brainstorming session and identified complementary strategies to integrate climate change into the current plan. The brainstorming sessions also provided the opportunity for using power versus interest mapping to identify potential stakeholders for specific issues.

There were six introductory core topics in the first series of workshops that provided an overview of climate change and its relevance to the South Coast Region and public health. With this baseline level of knowledge established, workshops then delved into specific topic areas such as air quality, water security, and vector-borne diseases. Employees from Veterinary Public Health, Environmental Health, and Public Health Nursing attended the inaugural series. To incentivize staff to attend workshops, nurses received continuing education credits, and division directors supported staff to prioritize the time needed for their participation.

Evaluation forms completed by participants indicated that staff knowledge in key areas increased following workshops. For instance, staff reported that they were better able to explain climate change and describe the role of LACDPH in mitigation and adaptation. They reported that they were also able to describe vulnerable populations most impacted by climate change in Los Angeles County, and they felt they could implement climate change knowledge into their work and/or daily activities.

The considerable interest in the workshop series led to requests that the workshops be open to all staff. Consequently, in September of 2014, the department re-launched the workshop series, now open to all LACDPH staff. To allow for the sustainability of the series, lectures by UCLA faculty and doctoral students were recorded for use in the series re- launch. Brainstorming sessions led by LACDPH staff complemented the lectures. To facilitate staff attendance across the many department facilities spread across Los Angeles County’s 4,300 square miles, the workshops were being held in four different locations.

Outcomes and Conclusions

In August 2014, LACDPH released two reports in its Climate and Health series that are a call to action by individuals and families, and by the public health field and its partners. The first report, Your Health and Climate Change in Los Angeles County, presents information about what increasing temperatures, extreme weather, and rising sea levels mean for individual and family health — and what people can do to lessen these impacts.

The second report, Framework for Addressing Climate Change in Los Angeles County, was developed for use by other local government agencies in Los Angeles County as well as for other local health departments and their collaborating agencies around the country. It begins by outlining how climate change relates to the mission of different local agencies, and continues with guidance on how to develop an agency plan for addressing climate change. It is intended for agencies that are preparing to develop their own climate action plan and features the Five-Point Plan adopted by LACDPH, with examples of adaption and mitigation strategies for multiple government sectors.

Lessons Learned

  • Interactive staff education can increase staff awareness and feelings of professional agency regarding climate change.
  • Local-level climate projections are crucial to climate change education. Local data and information are easier to accept and create the desire for local action. Global examples and data are hard to personalize.
  • When collaborating, ensure the partnership is reciprocal. UCLA was amenable to designing a curriculum that was desired by the health department, which benefited both parties and created a strong learning collaboration.
  • Workshops that were geared towards specific impact areas ensured that staff would find at least one workshop that spoke to their specific area of professional interest. Climate science presented to public health staff has to be accessible and relevant to their work.
  • Brainstorming sessions were critical to allowing staff to engage with the material and prevent feelings of fatalism by providing a venue for discussing solutions.

Resources

Climate Change and Public Health in Los Angeles

Los Angeles County Department of Public Health Emergency Preparedness and Response Unit

Climate and Health Series - Report 1: Your Health and Climate Change in Los Angeles County 

Climate and Health Series - Report 2: Framework for Addressing Climate Change in Los Angeles County 

10 Things You Can Do to Reduce Climate Change (English & Spanish) 

Los Angeles Regional Collaborative for Climate Action and Sustainability

This publication was supported by the California Department of Public Health, Office of Health Equity – CalBRACE Project through Cooperative Agreement 5UE1EH001052, funded by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Its contents are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official views of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention or the Department of Health and Human Services.      

This is one in a series of Climate and Health Case Stories that highlight how public health departments in California are responding to climate change as an emerging public health issue. The original text may be found at 

https://www.cdph.ca.gov/Programs/OHE/CDPH%20Document%20Library/CalBRACE%20Case%20Stories/A-Climate-Health-Case-Story-LosAngeles-2rev2018.pdf

Citation

California Department of Public Health. 2018. Mobilizing the Workforce to Address Climate Change: Los Angeles County Public Health Department [Case study on a project of the Los Angeles County Public Health Department]. Retrieved from CAKE: https://www.cakex.org/case-studies/mobilizing-workforce-address-climate-change-los-angeles-county-public-health-department (Last updated January 2020)

Project Contact(s)

Los Angeles County Public Health Department

313 N Figueroa St, Los Angeles, CA 90012

https://lacounty.gov/residents/health/public-health/

Keywords

Scale of Project
Community / Local
Sector Addressed
Public Health
Target Climate Changes and Impacts
Public health risks
Type of Adaptation Action/Strategy
Capacity Building
Create stakeholder engagement processes to develop and implement adaptation strategies
Sociopolitical Setting
Urban