Filter by Type

Sea Level Rise Guidance for Somerset County, Maryland

Created: 12/18/2010 - Updated: 8/26/2019

Photo attributed to Lee Cannon. Incorporated here under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.0 Generic license. No endorsement by licensor implied.

Summary

Somerset County received a grant through Maryland’s Coast-Smart Communities Initiative grant program to assess the county’s vulnerability to climate change and develop a plan of action to prepare for those impacts. The county reviewed existing plans, development codes, regulations, and laws to ensure the necessary policies and codes were prepared for the reality of the county’s climate future, specifically addressing sea level rise and coastal storms. The county developed the Somerset County, Maryland: Rising Sea Level Guidance document, which included a vulnerability assessment as well as recommendations on how to adapt the county’s management and codes to best prepare for climate change.

Background

In 2009, Maryland launched the Coast-Smart Communities Initiative to provide a support center for local governments dealing with the impacts of climate change. The Coast-Smart Initiative undertook three initial projects in Somerset, Worchester, and Dorchester counties, some of Maryland’s most at-risk coastline areas. The Coast-Smart program provided financial support for the county’s adaptation planning processes through the Coastal Communities Initiative (CCI) grant program, as well as much needed technical support.

Implementation

The county conducted a vulnerability assessment to consider how sea level rise, coastal storms, and flooding will likely impact the county’s population, housing, infrastructure, and critical facilities. Based on the analysis, the county proposed a number of changes to existing planning and regulatory policies including the Zoning Ordinances, Floodplain Management Ordinance/Building Code, Subdivision Regulations, Comprehensive Plan, and Hazard Mitigation Plan.

The main recommendations are summarized below:

  • Coordinate floodplain management ordinance with flood requirements of building codes by requiring the lowest floor of new and substantially improved buildings to be on higher foundations (freeboards)
  • Adopt an ‘adjacent flood zone’ or ‘floodplain planning zone,’ which will add areas anticipated to be inundated based on 2050 scenarios to FEMA-delineated Hazard Area
  • Update requirements for onsite septic systems, anticipating changes in flooding and groundwater conditions
  • Within Comprehensive Plan:
    • Incorporate existing flood hazard areas and 2050 inundation areas into plan
    • Encourage relocation of threatened structures and anticipate some buildings will need to be relocated or abandoned
  • Require buffers for streams and tributaries and conservation easements when possible
  • Incorporate future conditions into planning for roads, streets, and incidental structures

The recommendations encourage low impact development along coastlines and incorporation of future conditions into the design and construction of new infrastructure, as well as management and zoning codes. While the plan itself is not an implementation document, the county has since taken steps to achieve the programs, projects, and desired results recommended.

Outcomes and Conclusions

Since the Somerset County, Maryland: Rising Sea Level Guidance document was written in 2008, the county has included the majority of the recommendations outlined in the plan into their management codes and plans. Somerset’s population, housing, infrastructure, and critical facilities are better prepared for future climate conditions and impacts as a result.

Status

Information gathered through interviews and online resources. Updated 12/18/10

Citation

Hitt, J. (2010). Sea Level Rise Guidance for Somerset County, Maryland [Case study on a project of the Maryland Chesapeake & Coastal Program]. Product of EcoAdapt's State of Adaptation Program. Retrieved from CAKE: http://www.cakex.org/case-studies/sea-level-rise-guidance-somerset-count... (Last updated December 2010)

Project Contacts

The Maryland Chesapeake & Coastal Program, administered by the Maryland Department of Natural Resources, is a partnership among local, regional and state agencies. The Program collaborates with many private organizations, such as local land trusts and economic development groups. Through this networked approach, no one agency or department is responsible for Maryland’s entire coast. Rather, all partners help to ensure its proper management.

Keywords

Scale of Project: 
Community / Local
Sector Addressed: 
Agriculture
Conservation / Restoration
Fisheries
Forestry
Land Use Planning
Transportation / Infrastructure
Water Resources
Wildlife
Target Climate Changes and Impacts: 
Air temperature
Economics
Erosion
Flooding
Habitat extent
Infrastructure damage
Oxygen concentrations (hypoxia)
Salinization / Saltwater intrusion
Sea level rise
Storms or extreme weather events
Water temperature
Climate Type: 
Temperate
Timeframe: 
Ongoing
Type of Adaptation Action/Strategy: 
Natural Resource Management / Conservation
Incorporate future conditions into natural resources planning and policies
Capacity Building
Design or reform institutions
Create new institutions
Increase organizational capacity
Coordinate planning and management
Increase / Improve public awareness, education, and outreach efforts
Infrastructure, Planning, and Development
Make infrastructure resistant or resilient to climate change
Create or modify shoreline management measures
Sociopolitical Setting: 
Rural
Suburban
Effort Stage: 
In planning

Related Resources

Sea Level Rise Guidance for Dorchester County, Maryland

Photo attributed to Worldislandinfo.com. Incorporated here under the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic license. No endorsement by licensor implied.

Case Study
Sector Addressed: 
Agriculture
Conservation / Restoration
Fisheries
Forestry
Land Use Planning
Transportation / Infrastructure
Water Resources
Wildlife
Summary: 

Dorchester County is Maryland’s second largest county and includes over 350,000 acres of wetlands, tidal marshes, creeks, and other low-lying lands. Around half of the county’s landscape lies at elevations below 4.9 feet, making it one of Maryland’s most at-risk counties to sea level rise.

Maryland's Coast-Smart Communities Initiative

Photo attributed to Fritz Geller-Grimm. Incorporated here under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.5 Generic license. No endorsement by licensor implied.

Case Study
Sector Addressed: 
Conservation / Restoration
Fisheries
Forestry
Water Resources
Wildlife
Summary: 

The Coast-Smart Communities Initiative is charged with providing a toolbox of resources to help Maryland counties and towns develop climate-smart management policies and on-the-ground measures.