Veracruz State Climate Change Action Plan

Alessandra Score
Posted on: 4/23/2010 - Updated on: 3/02/2020

Posted by

Alex Score


The purpose of this project was to develop a climate change action plan for the State of Veracruz; Veracruz was selected because of its vulnerability to climate change. This action plan is the first of its kind in Mexico and was led by Veracruz University (Universidad Veracruzana). This project serves as a model for other states to create climate action plans as required by the federal government of Mexico.


Veracruz University led a project to develop a climate action plan for the state with financial support from the United Kingdom Global Opportunities Fund along with the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM) and the Institute of Ecology (INECOL). Veracruz University was asked to lead this effort by the National Institute of Ecology (INE) and the Secretary of Environment and Natural Resources (SEMARNAT).


Since 2005, the Mexican Government has been directing the states to develop climate change plans. In 2007, the President released climate change priority strategies for developing both mitigation and adaptation actions. Veracruz was selected as the first state to lead this process. The Government and the State of Veracruz developed the Veracruz Program Against Climate Change and asked Veracruz University to lead the development of the action plan.

To create the Veracruz Climate Action Plan, a series of selected studies were used to demonstrate the vulnerability of the region's biophysical systems, economy, and society. Climate change scenarios were created using observed data from thirty years (1961-1990). Project leads looked at greenhouse gas emissions, climate models, vulnerability assessments, and economic and social impacts from increased temperatures.

In the plan, sea level rise is identified as the greatest threat to the coastal region, especially to Veracruz’s natural resources, power industry, and built environment. The plan includes a series of objectives and actions with associated estimated costs; the plan was released in 2008 to the Government of Veracruz, which ultimately will have to prioritize implementation of the mitigation and adaptation strategies.

Outcomes and Conclusions

This project resulted in Mexico’s first state climate change action plan. Although revisions will need to be made with regards to clarifications on the criteria, objectives, actions, and feasibility, it represents a first step in the direction Veracruz needs to take to mitigate and adapt to climate change.


Score, A. (2010). Veracruz State Climate Change Action Plan [Case study on a project of Veracruz University]. Product of EcoAdapt's State of Adaptation Program.  Retrieved from CAKE:… (Last updated April 2010)

Project Contact(s)


The Veracruz University was founded in September 1944. Since its inception is has become one of Mexico’s superior Universities. Since its 65 years of creation, it has grown considerably, is recognized as a superior institution in the state of Veracruz, and has become one of the best public institutions of higher education in Mexico.