There is strong evidence that climate change consistent with greenhouse-gas-induced warming is already occurring and that it is affecting hydrologic processes in many parts of the world. These changes are expected to accelerate with the continuing accumulation of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases in the atmosphere.
In this chapter, we focus on one specific type of urban planning instrument, which has become increasingly common in the last years: urban climate adaptation plans. In these plans, ecosystem service knowledge is instrumental to propose strategies for ecosystem-based adaptation (EbA) to climate change. The analysis focuses on a sample of 22 plans in different European countries. Specifically, we aim at answering the following questions:
What are the most common EbA measures found in urban climate adaptation plans? To what climate change impact do they aim to respond?
As global sea levels rise — and preparing for these and other consequences of climate change increases in priority — we have seen an increasing demand for detailed local sea level rise projections and for guidance that supports their use in planning, policy development and project design. Recognizing gaps in existing sea level rise (SLR) information for Washington state, in 2018 a team of scientists developed updated projections for Washington’s coast under the auspices of the Washington Coastal Resilience Project (WCRP).
The Vancouver Island Adaptation Strategies plan was initiated by the BC Agriculture & Food Climate Action Initiative to address priorities identified through both the 2012 Climate Change Risk & Opportunity Assessment and the 2010 BC Agriculture Climate Change Action Plan.
The plan identifies the following four priority impact areas affecting the region:
Across the state, we are seeing and feeling impacts related to a changing climate. Wildfire and smoke are threatening the health and welfare of people throughout the state. Orca and salmon runs are in decline. Communities are confronting coastal flooding, water shortages, and drought. As these impacts mount, already highly impacted communities and vulnerable populations will face increasing risks.
Global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions are changing the climate in ways that threaten the vitality, livability, and prosperity of the Everett community. The City of Everett is projected to encounter changes in temperature, precipitation, rain and snowfall, sea level, and flooding frequency. These changes will exacerbate existing concerns and introduce new challenges to Everett’s natural resources, economy, infrastructure, and quality of life.
Frequent and intense droughts have caused ecological and socioeconomic impacts in Wyoming. A collaborative project between the Eastern Shoshone and Northern Arapaho Tribes, university and federal agency scientists, and drought experts was initiated to provide critical decision support tools to help the tribe better prepare for and respond to drought events.
Connect is an easy-to-use and free online tool allowing users to instantly calculate how smart location, affordable homes and traffic reduction strategies can reduce driving and greenhouse gas emissions from residential development throughout California. It also calculates how much money and space can be saved from right-sized parking in the Bay Area.
- CalEnviroScreen is a mapping tool that helps identify California communities that are most affected by many sources of pollution, and where people are often especially vulnerable to pollution’s effects.
- CalEnviroScreen uses environmental, health, and socioeconomic information to produce scores for every census tract in the state.
The National Disaster Housing Strategy (the Strategy) serves two purposes. First, it describes how we as a Nation currently provide housing to those affected by disasters. It summarizes, for the first time in a single document, the many sheltering and housing efforts we have in the United States and the broad array of organizations that are involved in managing these programs. The Strategy also outlines the key principles and policies that guide the disaster housing process.