The rocky intertidal zone, or the band of rocky coastline that is flooded by high tides and exposed during low tides, is home to a wealth of colorful seaweeds and uniquely adapted invertebrates. In Southern California, Cabrillo National Monument and Channel Islands National Park both protect rocky intertidal habitat to the delight of curious visitors young and old.
The Floods and Water Management Act requires that FCRM properly reflects recently updated climate change scenarios. The potential impacts of climate change and sea level rise on future cliff instability and erosion present a significant challenge to future coastal management in the UK. The UK Climate Projections 2009 (UKCP09) point to significant increases in winter rainfall frequency, intensity and amount, drier summers and rising sea level which are likely to result in higher rates of cliff recession due to toe erosion and more frequent coastal landslides.
Beaches make up about 1400 miles of Puget Sound’s 2500-mile shoreline. They are an important component of the region’s coastal environment and support a broad range of ecological functions, from spawning habitat for forage fish to the formation of estuaries and salt marshes. These beaches are complex geological systems that respond to changes in the availability of sediment and its transport along the coast. On Puget Sound, some of the sand and gravel on the beaches may come from streams and rivers, but much of it is derived from erosion of coastal bluffs.
California’s climate is warming and residents increasingly endure extreme heat events that adversely impact public health. This exacerbates existing risks and will bring new challenges for different regions in the state, threatening the efficacy of traditional intervention strategies. Current thresholds for heat alerts are based on temperatures that exceed historical statistical thresholds, rather than temperatures that cause public health impacts. These ‘health-neutral’ thresholds may underestimate the health risks for the most sensitive populations.
Sea level rise, land subsidence, higher average temperatures, more frequent and intense weather events, severe drought, and increased development, have increased risk and will continue to increase and exacerbate risk from natural hazards across the Commonwealth of Virginia. The number of federally declared disasters has steadily increased nationally and in Virginia. The number has experienced a 250 percent increase in federally declared disasters over the past 20 years, including declarations for flooding, hurricanes, severe storms, and wildfire.
In 2011, Maryland released its Comprehensive Strategy for Reducing Maryland’s Vulnerability to Climate Change Phase II: Building societal, economic, and ecological resilience. The first recommendation of that report was for the State to: Conduct vulnerability assessments to gain a better understanding of risks and inform preventative responses.
This report was developed to help inform residents of Los Angeles County, about the specific, local-level health impacts of climate change, and how to reduce their contribution to climate change.
The San Francisco Department of Public Health’s (SFDPH) Climate and Health Program works to address the public health consequences of climate change at the local level and improve climate change preparedness and resilience in San Francisco. Using the Centers for Disease Control’s (CDC) national framework, Building Resilience Against Climate Effects (BRACE), the SFDPH’s Climate and Health program is assessing climate trends, defining disease burden, developing specific intervention methods, and evaluating the effects of change for at-risk populations within San Francisco.
The New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection and the partners of the NFWF grant “Building Ecological Solutions to Coastal Community Hazards” grant, funded by the Department of the Interior and administered by the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation, engaged in the development of guidance, outreach and education for communities, professionals and youth, and direct assistance to municipalities for specific assessments, planning and implementation of ecological solutions to coastal hazards.