An adaptive programme management approach is well suited to address the complex and interconnected impacts of climate change facing developing countries. The pathway to adapting to climate change is unknown, and there are many deep-rooted institutional, political, economic and social barriers. Adaptive programmes can provide the flexibility to allow those delivering technical assistance to support governments to experiment with different entry-points for adaptation, and learn and adapt from successes and failures.
This paper contributes to improving understanding of how funders, practitioners and other stakeholders can support and facilitate transformation in adaptation to climate change. It uses the latest academic literature, as well as learning from practice, to put forward a conceptual framework for determining the likelihood of an adaptation initiative delivering transformation. This framework unpacks the term ‘transformation’ into three components:
Our climate is changing. Although the implications for both the physical remains and the intangible nature of the historic environment have been widely examined, the impact upon the ways in which we, as practitioners, currently conserve heritage, and how and whether practice and policy should be reconsidered, has perhaps been less so. The physical remains of England’s past are protected via four mechanisms: designation, development management (planning), agri-environment schemes and ownership.
Our changing climate poses risks to the historic environment but also brings opportunities for new discoveries and ways for people to engage with it. At Historic England, part of our responsibility is to understand what future changes we might expect and the impact these may have on our ability to protect historic buildings, archaeological remains and landscapes. This paper describes projects that have used spatial analysis to assess the risk and vulnerability of sites to flooding and coastal erosion.
The costs of adaptation to climate change in developing countries have been estimated to reach $70 - $100 billion per year between 2010 and 2050. Unlocking private finance can support public decision-makers facing constrained public budgets to achieve climate resilience by leveraging the ingenuity, skills, and financial resources of businesses and the larger financial sector. Moreover, the private sector itself is gradually becoming aware of the physical risks and opportunities arising from a changing climate.
The World Climate Service provides subseasonal (2-6 weeks) and seasonal (1-6 months) climate forecasts that enable users to create thier own subjective analysis and forecasts. The World Climate Service tools are designed to enable the analysis, monitoring, and forecasting of near-term climate variability.
The World Climate Service provides:
The recently published IPCC Special Report “Global Warming of 1.5°C” reveals an alarming truth in terms of climate change: Global warming has almost reached 1°C compared to the average temperature in the pre-industrial era and is currently increasing by 0.2°C per decade due to past and ongoing emissions. The RegionsAdapt members that reported this and the last years to CDPs states and regions reporting platform are already experiencing the impacts of this global warming, which is also confirmed by the IPCC report.