As UNFCCC negotiators work to develop shared expectations around adaptation planning, it is critical that they provide a high degree of flexibility to countries, so that planning processes can be domestically “owned” and plans effectively implemented. The UNFCCC should not require countries to undertake specific planning processes or deliver plans in a specific format.
The climate is changing, and agricultural systems must also change if we are to avoid catastrophe. Farming, fishing and forest communities will need to adapt their livelihood systems, while mitigation efforts must address both the contribution of agriculture to the climate change problem, and the great potential of different resource management practices in reducing greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. The changes that are needed will be many and diverse.
This survey is conducted under the project "Building Resilience in Marine Protected Areas in Madagascar" of WWF Madagascar and the Western Indian Ocean. Its purpose is to provide information to ensure that climate change responses are integrated into Marine Protected Area design and management. A further purpose is to build capacity to undertake sound monitoring of coral reefs by partners. Specifically, the study objectives are:
This is a crucial year for the international efforts to address climate change, culminating in COP 15 of the United Nations Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in Copenhagen on 7-18 December. There, Parties to the Convention and the Kyoto Protocol are expected to agree on an ambitious and effective international response to climate change for the next commitment period.It is also a crucial year for the world’s forests. The Copenhagen agreement will likely include a range of forest-related adaptation and mitigation measures.
This paper calculates the impacts of climatic change on cost effective nutrient management under the Water Framework Directive (WFD) for the eutrophic Mälar lake and Stockholm archipelago in south-eastern Sweden. This is carried out for two types of targets: actual nutrient reduction targets and water quality targets as suggested by WFD. Stochastic programming is applied where climatic changes are modelled as impacts on the mean and variability in nutrient loads and water quality.
The ‘greater Himalayan region’, sometimes called the ‘Roof of the World’, is noticeably impacted by climate change. The most widely reported impact is the rapid reduction in glaciers, with profound future implications for downstream water resources. The impacts of climate change are superimposed on a variety of other environmental and social stresses, many already recognised as severe (Ives and Messerli, 1989).
We investigated the hydrological response to climate change simulations for three basins in South Korea. To provide fine-scale climate information to the PRMS hydrological model, an ECHO-G B2 simulation was dynamically downscaled using the RegCM3 double-nested system implementing two different convection schemes, namely, the Grell and the MIT-Emanuel (EMU) schemes. The daily minimum and maximum temperatures and precipitation from the nested domain for a grid spacing of 20 km are used as the input for the PRMS run.
Climate change is causing many organisms to migrate to track climatically-suitable habitat. In many cases, this will happen naturally, but in others, human intervention may be necessary in the form of ‘assisted colonisation’. Species re-establishments in suitable parts of their historic ranges provide an opportunity to conserve some species and to test ideas about assisted colonisation.
Marine turtles and their nesting beaches are threatened by sea level rise and overheating, resulting from climate change.
This paper outlines options for rural communities to participate in climate change mitigation and adaptation activities in the forest sector in Nepal. We look at the various institutional barriers that would need to be overcome, as well as the existing institutional opportunities, particularly in relation to tenure rights. The principle findings are threefold: 1. if rural communities in Nepal are going to benefit from climate change mitigation or adaptation activities in the forest sector, then improvements in forest sector governance will be necessary; 2.