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Impacts of climate change on dairy production

Climate change is likely to affect milk production because of the sensitivity of dairy cows to excessive temperature and humidity. We use downscaled climate data and county-level dairy industry data to estimate milk production losses for Holstein dairy cows in the conterminous United States. On a national level, we estimate present-day production losses of 1.9 percent relative to baseline production and project that climate impacts could increase these losses to 6.3 percent by the end of the twenty-first century.

Building an integrated U.S. National Climate Indicators System

During the development of the Third U.S. National Climate Assessment, an indicators system was recommended as a foundational product to support a sustained assessment process (Buizer et al. 2013). The development of this system, which we call the National Climate Indicators System (NCIS), has been an important early product of a sustained assessment process.

U.S. Army Corps of Engineers: Climate Change Adaptation Plan (2014)

This US Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) June 2014 Adaptation Plan update, prepared at the direction of the USACE Committee on Climate Preparedness and Resilience (CCPR), describes our vision, goals, and strategic approaches, our progress on priority areas, and how we plan, integrate, and evaluate measures to adapt to climate change and increase our preparedness and resilience. The plan will be updated annually and will be publicly available to our staff, partners and stakeholders following the required review by the White House.

USAID Climate Adaptation Plan for FY15 (2014)

The United States Agency for International Development (USAID) prepared its first Climate Change Adaptation Plan in 2012, in accordance with Executive Order (E.O.) 13514, “Federal Leadership in Environmental, Energy, and Economic Performance.” The Plan assessed climate change risks, vulnerabilities, and opportunities for USAID’s mission, programs, and operations; discussed USAID’s current and past activities to address those issues; and identified agency-level actions to understand and address internal climate change vulnerability.

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency: Climate Change Adaptation Plan (2014)

We live in a world in which the climate is changing at a rate faster than that which society has experienced in modern history. Because many of the environmental outcomes that EPA is working to attain (e.g., clean air, safe drinking water) are sensitive to changes in weather and climate, these changes are posing new challenges to EPA’s ability to fulfill its mission of protecting human health and the environment.

U.S. Department of Transportation Climate Adaptation Plan (2014)

Pursuant to Executive Orders No. 13514 and 13653, as well as Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ) Implementing Instructions, the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) is required to submit a Climate Adaptation Plan. DOT’s work on climate adaptation began with the understanding that climate impacts will affect DOT’s strategic goals of safety, state of good repair and environmental sustainability. This plan is an update from the 2012 DOT Climate Adaptation Plan, which includes the new requirements of E.O. 13653 and guidance from CEQ.

Climate Change Adaptation Plan: U.S. Department of the Treasury (2014)

Our goal is to develop practical, nationally consistent, legally justifiable, and cost effective measures, both structural and nonstructural, to reduce our vulnerability, while increasing our resilience to climate change. We are engaged in a collaborative approach, partnering with other federal agencies. This collaboration takes advantage of our different perspectives and expertise so that our progress reflects the best available and actionable science.

Department of the Interior Climate Change Adaptation Plan (2014)

Adaptation is the adjustments that society or ecosystems make to limit negative effects of climate change. The Department’s approach to adaptation focuses on increasing the resilience of the Department’s assets, program activities, and mission responsibilities in response to climate vulnerabilities. Resilience is the ability to anticipate, prepare for, and adapt to changing conditions and withstand, respond to, and recover rapidly from disruptions.

U.S. Department of Labor 2012 Climate Change Adaptation Plan

Since more than 99 percent of the Department’s buildings are on 125 Job Corps Center campuses across the Nation, the Climate Adaptation Plan focuses substantially on Job Corps goals, strategy, and approach to climate change adaptation. When planning for the influences of climate change, Job Corps recognizes that the problems are numerous and intractable.

The main problems are: