Mexico’s National Strategy on Climate Change (2007) called for establishing biological corridors between protected areas to “improve the adaptive capacities of ecosystems and species.” One effort was the incorporation of five ecosystems in southeast Mexico into the Mesoamerican Biological Corridor Project, sponsored by the World Bank’s Global Environment Facility. The corridors feature regions of high biodiversity, including dry and moist forests in Tehuantepec and Yucatan, cloud forests in Chiapas, savannas in Tabasco, and wetlands in Quintana Roo.
In 2009, at the behest of Congress, the Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ) and the US Department of the Interior (DOI) were asked to develop a national, government-wide climate adaptation strategy for fish, wildlife, plants, and ecosystems. In doing so, the U.S. Federal Government recognized the immensity of climate change impacts on the Nation’s vital natural resources, as well as the critical need for partnership among federal, state, and tribal fish and wildlife agencies.
This is a recording of Session Three of the virtual National Adaptation Forum Heat Stress Series, brought to you by EcoAdapt.
Rising temperatures have significant impacts on ecosystems. This session will consider the effects of heat stress on a range of species and ecosystems across North America, including aquatic, terrestrial, and marine habitats, and natural resources management strategies to adapt to these challenges to protect species as well as ecosystem services that support human communities.
Coral reefs provide food and livelihoods for hundreds of millions of people as well as harbor some of the highest regions of biodiversity in the ocean. However, overexploitation, land‐use change and other local anthropogenic threats to coral reefs have left many degraded. Additionally, coral reefs are faced with the dual emerging threats of ocean warming and acidification due to rising CO2 emissions, with dire predictions that they will not survive the century.
Parts of coral reefs from New Caledonia (South Pacific) were registered at the UNESCO World Heritage list in 2008. Management strategies aiming at preserving the exceptional ecological value of these reefs in the context of climate change are currently being considered. This study evaluates the appropriateness of an exclusive fishing ban of herbivorous fish as a strategy to enhance coral reef resilience to hurricanes and bleaching in the UNESCO-registered areas of New Caledonia.
Resilience underpins the sustainability of both ecological and social systems. Extensive loss of reef corals following recent mass bleaching events have challenged the notion that support of system resilience is a viable reef management strategy. While resilience-based management (RBM) cannot prevent the damaging effects of major disturbances, such as mass bleaching events, it can support natural processes that promote resistance and recovery. Here, we review the potential of RBM to help sustain coral reefs in the 21st century.
Genetic diversity is crucial for the adaptation of exploited species like the pink abalone (Haliotis corrugata), faced with threats from climate change, overfishing and impacts associated with aquaculture production. While marine reserves are commonly used to mitigate risks to marine populations, the duration, size, location and larval connectivity needed for a reserve to help conserve genetic resources is still poorly understood.