Science Summary: Heat wave in Phalodi, India, 19 May 2016

On Thursday 19 May 2016, India experienced an all-time record high temperature for any calendar day. The high temperature reached 51°C in the city of Phalodi in the Jodhpur district of the state of Rajasthan. By some accounts it was the third-highest temperature ever documented globally. It was so hot that many residents of this city of about 50,000 simply remained indoors. Those who did venture outside in Gujarat’s Valsad found their sandals sticking to molten roads.

Temperatures were high across much of Rajasthan on that day, with a majority of stations recording maximum temperatures above 46°C. The state capital of Jaipur saw its hottest day in the past 11 years, with a maximum temperature of 46.5°C, while Delhi, India’s capital, reached 46.8°C.

The Raising Risk Awareness Project – delivered by CDKN with the World Weather Attribution initiative – undertook an analysis of whether human-induced climate change had contributed to the heat wave event – to inform decision-makers whether such  heat waves are more likely to happen in the future. The analysis found that:

  • Consistent with human-caused climate change, annual mean temperatures across India are increasing.
  • Heat waves in a relatively small area of India are becoming more frequent and more intense, but this is not true for most of the country.
  • On 19 May 2016, the city of Phalodi in Rajasthan set an all-time record for any calendar day, hitting 51°C.
  • This analysis used peer-reviewed methods to see if climate change is affecting the risk of record heat like that on 19 May 2016 in north-western India, and like that of a similar one-day heat event in Andhra Pradesh in May 2015.
  • The analysis did not find that human-induced climate change played a role in these individual heat waves. This runs counter to studies done on similar extreme heat events in other parts of the world.
  • The lack of a detectable climate change trend may be due to the masking effect of aerosols on warming, and on irrigation use.

Driving, connecting and communicating: The many roles of national government in climate adaptation planning

This policy brief is part of a broader knowledge package on climate change adaptation in the Caribbean developed by the Climate & Development Knowledge Network (CDKN).

The full package, which also comprises a video and an infographic, can be accessed here: http://bit.ly/2moK7qn

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Position Title: 
NSF Graduate Research Fellow
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Adaptation Monitoring and Assessment Tool (AMAT)

Tool Overview: 

The Adaptation Monitoring and Assessment Tool (AMAT) measures progress toward achieving the outputs and outcomes established at the portfolio level under the LDCF/SCCF results framework. The tracking tool for adaptation projects or programs financed by the LDCF/SCCF will be conducted three times during the life of the project.

The Programming Strategy on Adaptation presents an opportunity to review and, where needed, improve on the policies, procedures, tools and practices that have been applied to results-based management of climate change adaptation over the past years.

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Doctor in Agricultural Economics
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Position Title: 
NOAA Coastal Management Fellow 2015-2017

Populations at Risk

Location

Headwaters Economics
PO Box 7059
59771 Bozeman , MT
United States
45° 40' 48" N, 111° 2' 24" W
Montana US
Tool Overview: 

Events such as climate change, extreme weather, floods, wildfires, and significant economic changes affect some populations more than others. Populations at Risk is a free tool to easily create reports about populations more likely to experience adverse social, health, or economic outcomes in selected areas of the United States. Variables used include indicators such as race, ethnicity, housing, poverty, and education, among others. Produced in Excel or PDF format, reports may be created at the community, county, or state scale and may compare several geographies.

The ADVANCE Approach - Co-generating and integrating climate risk information to build resilience for conservation, development, and disaster risk reduction

ADVANCE is a partnership between World Wildlife Fund (WWF) and the Columbia University Center for Climate Systems Research (CCSR) at The Earth Institute. Launched in 2015, ADVANCE facilitates planning and decision-making by providing new ways of generating and integrating climate risk information into conservation, development, and disaster management policy and practice.

Routes to resilience: lessons from monitoring BRACED

To understand what works and what does not in building climate and disaster resilience, the BRACED Knowledge Manager is developing and testing a variety of resilience measurement and monitoring approaches. The BRACED Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) framework is designed to enable data collection and evidence generation to track, measure and understand the processes of change that lead to climate and disaster resilience.

Developing programme-level M&E frameworks for resilience-building programmes is a relatively new area of work, with limited experience to draw on. Reflection about the BRACED M&E framework is therefore a critical learning step for BRACED itself to improve M&E practice and evidence generation within the programme. It also provides an exciting opportunity to contribute to building the knowledge base on resilience monitoring and measurement for the wider community. We hope that the reflections shared in this paper will contribute to ongoing and future resilience-building programmes.

Each year, the BRACED project Implementing Partners and the Knowledge Manager’s Monitoring and Results Reporting team address the critical question: ‘How are BRACED projects contributing to building resilience?’ The answer has been captured in our companion synthesis report – ‘Routes to resilience: insights from BRACED year 1’. 

Routes to resilience: insights from BRACED year 1

BRACED projects cover a wide range of issues, from securing, servicing and promoting trans-border livestock mobility across the Sahel, to sharing skills and technology to improve the uptake of climate information in Ethiopia, to supporting smallholder farmers in Nepal to take advantage of economic opportunities and investments in climate-smart technologies. Furthermore, each BRACED project uses different intervention strategies and are being implemented in different climatic and operating contexts. This report identifies emerging themes, challenges and draws broader lessons about changes in resilience, how these can be understood and the factors shaping them.

A companion paper 'Routes to resilience: lessons from monitoring BRACED’, examines a related question: ‘What lessons have we learnt from the monitoring and results reporting efforts to date in BRACED?’ This reflection paper reflects on the M&E framework itself and the experiences of the Knowledge Manager in rolling out the framework and testing it for the first time through the year 1 project- to programme-reporting process followed in order to produce this synthesis report.