This Resource Guide represents a synthesis of the best available information we were able to find about the ways in which experts and practitioners across the country are working to meet the challenges outlined above.
The book draws heavily on information provided by Parties to the UNFCCC, particularly that provided at three regional workshops held in Africa, Asia and Latin America and one expert meeting held in small island developing States during 2006 – 20071, as mandated by the Buenos Aires programme of work on adaptation and response measures (decision 1/CP.10 of the Conference of the Parties to the UNFCCC)2, as well as information in national communications3 and national adaptation programmes of action4 submitted to the UNFCCC, reports from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC 2007)
The Northcoast Regional Land Trust (NCRLT) has worked to restore historical tidal flow and native vegetation to the Wood Creek Tidal Marsh. Over the past 150 years, this site has been altered by diking and removal of vegetation and large woody debris. Despite these alterations, surveys have shown that endangered and threatened fish species utilize this area for rearing. The Wood Creek Tidal Marsh Enhancement Project’s primary climate change benefit comes in the form of flood mitigation for the lower Wood Creek/Freshwater Creek area.
Even a 1-meter rise in sea level, which is now a conservative estimate for the year 2100, could be devastating to the human population and to nature in Florida. The Florida Institute for Conservation Science (FICS) has initiated a project to study and communicate issues related to the impacts of, and adaptation to, sea level rise in Florida. The first phase of this project included a scientific symposium, which was held January 18-20, 2010, at Archbold Biological Station.
The Maryland Department of Natural Resources (DNR) has been a lead agency in the development and implementation of the 2008 Climate Action Plan, particularly in regards to adaptation. Phase I of the adaptation strategy focused on key strategies to reduce Maryland’s vulnerability to sea level rise and coastal storms. One of the recommendations in the report was to establish new criteria for land acquisition based upon climate change adaptation.
Bald Head Island is a barrier island located off the coast of North Carolina. Its low lying elevation and shifting sand dunes make it acutely vulnerable to sea level rise and other impacts of climate change such as storm surges and changes in oceanic currents. The Bald Head Island Conservancy has developed a comprehensive public outreach campaign to help educate community members about the potential impacts of climate change to the island and individual choices that can help improve the socioecological system’s resilience.
Newtok is a Native Alaskan village that is being forced to relocate as the river and ocean erode its shorelines. The erosion rates have been exacerbated by thawing permafrost, declining sea ice protection, increased storm surge exposure, and warming temperatures. In 1994, Newtok was one of the first villages to consider relocating to a new, less vulnerable site. In 2003, Newtok negotiated a land exchange agreement with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and is now in the process of moving forward with plans to relocate their entire population to a new site.
The Rhode Island Coastal Resources Management Council (CRMC) is charged with regulating activities, including planning and development, along the state’s coastline. In January 2008, the CRMC adopted Section 145 of their Coastal Resources Management Program, which specifically addresses climate change and sea level rise.