The San Francisco Estuary Partnership (SFEP) and the San Francisco Bay Conservation and Development Commission (BCDC) are assessing the vulnerabilities of local salt marsh ecosystems to climate change. Using conceptual models, the project leads are identifying the links between climate drivers, stressors, and ecosystem processes with the goal of developing an adaptation plan.
As part of their statewide Sea Level Rise Adaptation Initiative, the Delaware Coastal Programs Office of the Division of Soil and Water Conservation in the Delaware Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control (DNREC) is helping the City of New Castle conduct a vulnerability assessment and develop a coastal resiliency action plan to prepare for and adapt to sea level rise and other projected climate change impacts.
The Delaware Coastal Management Program in the Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control (DNREC) is working on a Sea Level Rise Initiative. Scientists and managers are working to compile information on storm histories, inundation mapping, vulnerabilities to tidal marshes and wetlands, and incorporating resilience into planning and management. This case study provides information on the type of details being collected and the progress on a statewide Sea Level Rise Adaptation Plan.
The Environmental Protection Agency’s Climate Ready Estuaries Program works to build capacity in different National Estuary Programs to prepare for and adapt to climate change. Twelve National Estuary Programs received grants and/or technical assistance in 2008 and 2009. The Climate Ready Estuaries Program also created the Coastal Toolkit to provide resources to program managers and other stakeholders in U.S. estuaries.
As part of their statewide Sea Level Rise Adaptation Initiative, the Delaware Coastal Programs Office of the Division of Soil and Water Conservation in the Delaware Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control (DNREC) is helping the Town of Bowers Beach to conduct a vulnerability assessment and develop a coastal resiliency action plan to prepare for and adapt to sea level rise and other projected climate change impacts.
With a grant from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s Climate Ready Estuaries Program, the Barnegat Bay National Estuary Program (BBNEP) is continuing its adaptation planning efforts. Through the creation of a working group, BBNEP is conducting a needs assessment, coordinating with other climate-related efforts in the state, and working on potential adaptation plans with input from stakeholders.
Albemarle-Pamlico National Estuary Program (APNEP) was one of six pilot programs to receive a technical assistance award in 2008 from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s Climate Ready Estuaries Program. Seven public listening sessions were held in 2008 to discuss the combined impacts of sea level rise and population growth to the region; in addition, APNEP is working to develop an adaptation communication strategy for local decision makers.
Annapolis Royal, Nova Scotia, has historically flooded when storm surges coincided with high tides. It is prone to flooding because the town was built upon reclaimed land using dykes constructed in the 17th century and the surrounding land is naturally subsiding. Sea level rise, coupled with more frequent and intense storm surges, increase the vulnerability of the town to flooding. To assess the future impacts of climate change, flood risk assessments were completed using LIDAR data, water modeler software, and historical tidal and flood records.
Indian and Northern Affairs Canada funded the city of Iqaluit to identify vulnerabilities of existing infrastructure and develop adaptation options. In particular, the city focused on the impacts that thawing permafrost, increases in extreme weather, changes in precipitation patterns, changes to the coastal environment, and increases in ultraviolet radiation could have on its buildings, roads, water supply, and wastewater treatment facilities.
In response to growing concern about climate change and weather events from 2003 - 2005, the Halifax Regional Municipality (HRM), in conjunction with ClimAdapt, developed Climate SMART (Sustainable Mitigation and Adaptation Risk Toolkit) to achieve two goals: 1) to develop a plan to reduce HRM's greenhouse gas emissions, and 2) to create a management plan to prepare the municipality for projected climate change impacts. The Climate SMART group is a broad collection of partners including HRM, the Province of Nova Scotia, the Government of Canada, and private companies.