The Wellfleet Bay Wildlife Sanctuary, one of Mass Audubon’s protected areas in Cape Cod, Massachusetts, has initiated an oyster reef habitat restoration project on the intertidal flats of Lieutenant Island. This project was created to boost local populations of the wild American oyster (Crassostrea virginica) and to restore oyster reef habitat and the ecological services it provides. This last piece is an important factor in protecting communities against increased storm surges and sea level rise that is expected with climate change in Massachusetts.
The Florida Oceans and Coastal Council was created by the State of Florida to guide research priorities for Florida’s vulnerable coasts and oceans. The Council's mission is to coordinate public and private research to address emerging management needs in the state and develop a statewide research plan. It was developed by the Florida Legislature through the Oceans and Coastal Resources Act in 2005. Each year the Council reviews critical needs for the state and develops priorities for ocean and coastal research.
As a response to global, national, and state initiatives and to south Florida’s vulnerability to climate change, Broward County initiated a plan to reduce greenhouse gas emissions with a resolution to support the U.S. Mayors’ Climate Protection Agreement in 2007. One of the methods to address climate change impacts in the county was the creation of the Broward County Climate Change Task Force in 2008. The Task Force was created to provide recommendations on strategies for Broward County to mitigate and adapt to climate change.
In Alaska, climate change has begun to touch almost every aspect of the natural world and the human systems that have evolved around, and rely on, a set of stable and predictable climatic conditions and seasons. It is a world where a warming environment has already begun to render ground and building foundations unstable, disrupt transportation routes, and trigger phenomena placing coastal communities in imminent danger from flooding and erosion.
Coastal Geologic Services (CGS) was contracted by Snohomish County in 2008 to provide restoration feasibility assessments and propose restoration scenarios for Kayak Point County Park in Washington State. Infrastructure at Kayak Point had been damaged by recent winter storms and managers were concerned that sea level rise could alter existing ecosystems. Restoration scenarios considered the effects of sea level rise, storm intensity, and shifts in sediment depositional rates.
This project was inspired by the growing recognition that Florida is on the front line of the consequences of climate change, especially with regards to significant sea level rise, more intense and frequent hurricanes, more severe droughts, and more frequent periods of torrential rains.
In 2010, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) will host a series of meetings to create tools and strategies to help natural resource managers and decision makers prepare for changes in climate. These meetings will be focused on selective habitat conservation as a tool for climate change adaptation. Results from the meetings may be published in a document, as a website, or as a series of case studies.
As a pilot project of the Climate Ready Estuaries Program, this study addresses climate adaptation on a watershed scale and provides a methodology for other coastal watersheds seeking to incorporate future climate conditions in planning and development. In 2008, the Piscataqua Region Estuaries Partnership (PREP) received a grant to conduct an inventory and assessment of climate change impacts on road and stream networks in the Oyster River watershed.