NatureServe is a non-profit conservation organization whose mission is to provide the scientific basis for effective conservation action. NatureServe and its network of natural heritage programs and conservation data centers are the leading source for information about rare and endangered species and threatened ecosystems.

The National Wildlife Federation is America's largest conservation organization. We work with more than 4 million members, partners and supporters in communities across the country to protect and restore wildlife habitat, confront global warming and connect with nature.

The National Fish and Wildlife Foundation is committed to achieving measurable outcomes and will use the best science available to focus its efforts and regularly define, evaluate and reevaluate where and how it makes its conservation investments.With this clear “stake in the ground,” the Foundation intends to put itself at the forefront of a movement to drive accountability for sustainable conservation results.

The Association of Fish & Wildlife Agencies represents North America’s fish and wildlife agencies to advance sound, science-based management and conservation of fish and wildlife and their habitats in the public interest.

EcoAdapt is at the center of climate change adaptation innovation. We provide support, training, and assistance to make conservation and management less vulnerable and more Climate Savvy. Over the past 200 years, great strides have been made in the world of conservation and now all of that is at risk because of climate change. EcoAdapt is working to ensure the success of these past efforts by delivering a framework for climate adaptation.

The San Lorenzo Water District was established in 1941 and today has over 7,500 connections serving over 22,500 people an average of 2.0 million gallons of water per day. The District’s active water sources include five stream diversions and seven groundwater wells. During the wet seasons, the District relies on surface water sources; but during the dry seasons, the District shifts its reliance to ground water aquifers.

Climate Change and Potential Impacts to Wildlife in Tennessee: An Update to Tennessee's State Wildlife Action Plan

From the Executive Summary:

The focus of this document centered on identifying the potential impacts, both positive and negative, to wildlife and their habitats that a changing climate will cause. This was accomplished by conducting a literature review of pertinent climatological and biological research papers and reports; then where possible relating those findings to the habitats and faunal groups of Tennessee.

In order to depict possible future conditions, various results of several models were described. The climate models discussed and the results shown are for example and discussion only. This document does not state or imply the validity of one model over another or one future condition over another.
Modeling climate change is a very complicated process. Climate models used today simulate the interactions of the atmosphere, oceans, land, and sea ice. Various models handle these components and their interactions differently, thus producing different results. The International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) was created by the World Meteorological Organization and the United Nations Environmental Program to provide policymakers with an objective source of information on climate change impacts and adaptation and/or mitigation strategies. This latest IPCC report, issued in 2007, states “warming of the climate system is unequivocal”. The report also sites observational data of natural systems that are already being affected by regional
climate changes, especially temperature increases.

The potential impacts discussed below are based on assumptions that Tennessee’s climate will warm over the remainder of the 21st century and precipitation may increase or decrease.

Terrestrial Ecosystem Adaptation

In this report, we evaluate adaptation issues for natural ecosystems. We will specifically focus on the interactions with the abiotic environment of plants and animals, along with other organisms with which they interact (e.g., disease‐causing bacteria and viruses). We further limit ourselves to natural ecosystems in which the predominant vegetation has developed without having been planted, irrigated, or fertilized. Most of the natural lands in the United States are managed by federal or state governments. Agricultural lands—including range grazing lands —are dealt with in a related adaptation report. This will evaluate the potential magnitudes and challenges facing terrestrial ecosystems in the United States in adapting to changing climate over the next 30–50 years. Our report will not address attribution or mitigation of climate change, as these topics have been dealt with in many other forums. We will begin with a brief summary of the current trajectory of the changing climate in the United States, including both temporal and spatial patterns. We will then relate these trends to ecosystem impacts and vulnerabilities. We consider adaptation in the broad sense to include any means by which organisms successfully confront a perturbation such as climate change. This includes both local adaptation in place—either through plastic responses or through evolutionary changes—as well as changes in movements within or outside of the current geographic range. Some species (often invasive and disease species) will adapt spectacularly. By contrast, those unable to adapt will experience decreased average mean fitness, translating into population decline, decreased persistence, and changed community and ecosystem structure. After considering ecological adaptation mechanisms, it becomes possible to consider potential management options to enhance adaptation. We do not make recommendations of specific adaptation activities at this point; rather, we suggest alternatives to begin the discussion.

Adaptation Planning for the National Estuary Program

This document describes five critical elements of adaptation planning, and provides examples of these elements and suggestions for additional resources. Any estuary in the National Estuary Program (NEP) should incorporate these elements in an adaptation plan to achieve recognition as a Climate Ready Estuary (CRE). While specifically developed for the NEPs, this document can be used as a resource for other coastal communities as a starting point for planning to adapt to climate change.

The five critical elements that an adaptation plan should include to earn Climare Ready Estuary (CRE) recognition are:

  • Assessment of vulnerability to climate change
  • Summary of considerations used to set priorities and select actions
  • Description of specific adaptation actions for implementation
  • Plan for communicating with stakeholders and decision makers
  • Plan for monitoring and evaluating results.

Climate Change Adaptation and Biodiversity

This report synthesizes information compiled from input contributed by ACT’s Communities in Jeopardy: Plant, Animal and Human conference participants in April 2008, along with a review of publications from leading authorities researching climate change impacts on biodiversity, and adaptation responses. The purpose of this report is to provide a background summary on the following points of discussion:

  • Observed and projected climate changes in BC;
  • Observed and expected climate change-induced impacts on biodiversity in BC and northern temperate regions;
  • An overview of the state of biodiversity in BC;
  • A discussion on the link between biodiversity, ecosystem functions, and the value of natural capital;
  • An overview of vulnerable natural and socioeconomic systems in BC;
  • An outline for a general adaptation framework that addresses ecosystem resiliency and examines the challenges and opportunities associated with launching adaptation measures in BC.

We intend to use this synthesis of information as a background document to substantiate ACT’s policy recommendations addressing the need to restructure BC’s land and resource governance framework, with the ultimate goal of increasing ecosystem and community resiliency against the current and projected climate change impacts on biodiversity.