Adapting to Climate Change in Ontario Parks

Climate change is expected to negatively impact the parks and protected lands in Ontario. To better prepare for these adverse impacts, 45 experts were convened and surveyed in order to identify the most feasible and desirable adaptation recommendations in a systematic fashion. In sum, over 1,000 recommendations were generated and later condensed down to nearly 160. Fifty-six of these recommendations were deemed “desirable” or “highly desirable” by panel experts but only two were considered to be highly feasible.

A Roadmap for Action: The Chicago Climate Action Plan

In 2006, former Chicago Mayor Richard M. Daley established a Climate Change Task Force (Task Force) that was charged with evaluating the potential impacts of climate change and developing an action plan for the city. After conducting impacts, economic costs, and risk assessments, the city released the Chicago Climate Action Plan (CCAP) in late 2008. The plan functions much like a roadmap for climate action with five overarching strategies, including nine adaptation actions.

Climate Change adaptation options, tools and vulnerability: Contribution of Work Package 4 to the Forest Vulnerabilty Assessment

Climate models generated in this study to investigate the impacts of future climate change on Australian forests showed that in 2030, climate change may stress some forests further than they have been over the past few decades; In 2070, climate change will create significant stress on native forests and plantations.

Low Flows and Hot Trout: Dealing with the Effects of Climate Change in the Clark Fork Watershed

The Clark Fork watershed extends from Butte, MT to Sandpoint, ID and drains nearly the entire western portion of Montana. Based on decades of data and observations, it is clear that the Clark Fork River basin is already experiencing changing climate conditions including droughts, increased wildfires, decreased snowpack, shrinking glaciers, and early runoff.

The State of Marine and Coastal Adaptation in North America: A Synthesis of Emerging Ideas

Climate change is now widely acknowledged as a global problem that threatens the success of marine and coastal conservation, management, and policy. Mitigation and adaptation are the two approaches commonly used to address actual and projected climate change impacts. Mitigation applies to efforts to decrease the rate and extent of climate change through the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions or the enhancement of carbon uptake and storage; adaptation deals with minimizing the negative effects or exploiting potential opportunities of climate change.

Climate Change and the National Marine Protected Areas Center

The National Marine Protected Areas Center (MPA Center) is preparing for climate change by building a national system of MPAs. This national system is meant to be geographically and ecologically diverse and represent local, state, regional, and national interests. These protected areas can foster resilience to climate change impacts while conserving natural and cultural marine resources of national importance.

Restoration and Managed Retreat of Pacifica State Beach

Despite the use of stabilizing structures, flooding of San Pedro Creek and coastal erosion at Pacifica/Linda Mar State Beach has been a recurring problem for the City of Pacifica. In the early 1990s, the city partnered with state and federal agencies, scientists, engineers, and non-profit organizations to work toward a managed retreat strategy for Pacifica State Beach as well as restore wetlands and banks along San Pedro Creek.

Incorporating Climate Change Adaptation into the Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument Management Plan

The Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument (PMNM) is situated in the northwestern portion of the Hawaiian Archipelago and is one of the world’s largest marine protected areas. Management of the Monument is the responsibility of three co-trustees: the State of Hawaii Department of Land and Natural Resources; the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service; and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. In 2008, the co-trustees developed the PMNM Management Plan for ensuring coordinated management of the natural, cultural, and historic resources of the Monument.

Adding the Impacts of Climate Change to a Strategic Plan: Big Sur Land Trust

The Big Sur Land Trust has incorporated the potential effects of climate change into its program management and long-term strategic conservation plan. Specifically, the Big Sur Land Trust staff is considering changes in fire regimes, stream flow, and impacts to restoration projects. Currently, the Big Sur Land Trust conserves roughly 5,800 acres of land; they are working to anticipate the impacts climate change will have and preparing management strategies to address these expectations.