PlaNYC: A Greener, Greater New York (2011 Update)

Initially released in 2007, PlaNYC is an effort to prepare New York City for one million more residents, strengthen the economy, combat cliamte change, and enhance the quality of life for all New Yorkers. The updated plan was released in April 2011 with 132 initiatives and more than 400 specific milestones to be met by December 31, 2013.

PlaNYC complements other City efforts, such as those we are making on crime, poverty, education, public health, or social services. The Plan focuses on the physical city, and the functionality of its infrastructure in our everyday lives: housing that is too often too expensive, neighborhoods that need more playgrounds, aged water and power systems overdue for upgrade, congested streets and crowded subways. If these challenges remain unaddressed, we will undermine our economy and our quality of life.

Lessons Learned on Local Climate Adaptation from the Urban Leaders Adaptation Initiative

In partnership with government leaders from ten large counties and cities, CCAP launched the Urban Leaders Adaptation Initiative to serve as a resource for local governments as they face important infrastructure and land-use decisions that affect local climate adaptation efforts and empower local communities to develop and implement climate resilient strategies. Urban Leaders partners included: Chicago; King County (Washington); City of Los Angeles, Miami-Dade County (Florida); City of Milwaukee; Nassau County (New York); New York City; Phoenix; San Francisco; and Toronto. The goals of the project were exploring and catalyzing adaptation to climate change at the local level, spreading adaptation best practices from partners to other local and professional communities, and influencing national and state climate adaptation policies. This report provides an assessment of general lessons learned over the course of the project and thoughts about future directions for local climate adaptation.

The Value of Green Infrastructure for Urban Climate Adaptation

In this paper CCAP provides information on the costs and benefits of “green” infrastructure solutions for bolstering local adaptation to climate change. Pioneering cities and counties have used green practices to increase community resilience by planning for, and adapting to, emerging climate change impacts. Generally, resilience means that communities can better withstand, cope with, manage, and rapidly recover their stability after a variety of crises. Practices such as green roofs, urban forestry, and water conservation are familiar to local governments as strategies to enhance sustainability and quality of life and they are increasingly being seen as best practices in climate adaptation. These solutions can help build adaptive capacity through planning, preparing, or reducing climate-related vulnerabilities, but the uncertainty involved in calculating their economic and social costs and benefits is a barrier to action for local governments. This report will evaluate the performance and benefits of a selection of green infrastructure solutions, using their range of technological, managerial, institutional, and financial innovations as a proxy for their value for climate adaptation.

Climate Change in Southwest Florida

In the absence of effective avoidance, mitigation, minimization and adaptation, climate-related failures will result in greater difficulty in addressing the priority problems identified in the Charlotte Harbor National Estuary Program (CHNEP) Comprehensive Conservation and Management Plan (CCMP): hydrologic alteration, water quality degradation, fish and wildlife habitat loss, and stewardship gaps. This study examines the current climate and ongoing climate change in southwest Florida along with five future scenarios of climate change into the year 2200. These scenarios include:

  1. a condition that involves a future in which mitigative actions are undertaken to reduce the human influence on climate change (Stanton and Ackerman 2007),
  2. a 90% probable future predicted by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC 2007b),
  3. a 50% probable future predicted by IPCC,
  4. a 5% probable future predicted by the IPCC, and
  5. a ―very worst‖ future in which no actions are taken to address climate change (Stanton and Ackerman 2007).

This fifth scenario also corresponds with some of the other worst Vulnerability Assessment 2 September 15, 2009 case scenarios postulated by scientists who think the IPCC estimations are under-estimated (USEPA CRE 2008). This report also assesses significant potential climate changes in air and water and the effects of those changes on climate stability, sea level, hydrology, geomorphology, natural habitats and species, land use changes, economy, human health, human infrastructure, and variable risk projections, in southwest Florida. Among the consequences of climate change that threaten estuarine ecosystem services, the most serious involve interactions between climate-dependent processes and human responses to those climate changes.

The State of Marine and Coastal Adaptation in North America: A Synthesis of Emerging Ideas

Climate change is now widely acknowledged as a global problem that threatens the success of marine and coastal conservation, management, and policy. Mitigation and adaptation are the two approaches commonly used to address actual and projected climate change impacts. Mitigation applies to efforts to decrease the rate and extent of climate change through the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions or the enhancement of carbon uptake and storage; adaptation deals with minimizing the negative effects or exploiting potential opportunities of climate change. Because the benefits of mitigation are not immediate and because we are already committed to a certain amount of climate change, adaptation has been increasingly viewed as an essential component of an effective climate change response strategy. The field of adaptation is developing rapidly but in an ad hoc fashion, and organizations and governments are often challenged to make sense of the dispersed information that is available.

The intent of this report is to provide a brief overview of key climate change impacts on the natural and built environments in marine and coastal North America and a review of adaptation options available to and in use by marine and coastal managers. This report presents the results of EcoAdapt’s efforts to survey, inventory, and assess adaptation projects from different regions, jurisdictions, and scales throughout North America’s marine and coastal environments.

Wisconsin's Changing Climate: Impacts and Adaptation

The Wisconsin Initiative on Climate Change Impacts has released its first comprehensive report, Wisconsin's Changing Climate: Impacts and Adaptation. The report will serve as a resource for business executives, government, natural resource managers, public health officials, and other decision makers as they take strategic steps to preserve jobs, invest resources wisely, build resiliency and protect our built and natural environment in the face of a changing climate. 

Implementation of Maryland’s Climate Action Plan

Location

United States
39° 0' 40.8924" N, 76° 29' 32.316" W
US
Summary: 

In 2007, the Governor of Maryland signed an Executive Order that created the Commission on Climate Change, which was tasked to develop a comprehensive Climate Action Plan for the state. In 2008, the final report was released and implementation began. The Department of Natural Resources has been a lead agency in the development and implementation of the Climate Action Plan, particularly in regards to adaptation. Phase I of the adaptation plan focuses on key strategies to reduce Maryland’s vulnerability to sea level rise and coastal storms.

Climate Change Adaptations for Land Use Planners

Location

United States
44° 56' 38.6412" N, 64° 14' 52.9692" W
US
Summary: 

Nova Scotia is an Atlantic Canadian province almost entirely surrounded by water. As such, climate change impacts including sea level rise and increases in extreme weather events and storm surges are expected to affect land uses (e.g., infrastructure, agriculture). This study, focused on land use planners, aimed to develop and/or modify tools to analyze climate change impacts on Canadian communities, as well as tools to implement adaptations to these impacts.

Relocating the Village of Kivalina, Alaska Due to Coastal Erosion

Location

United States
67° 43' 36.9984" N, 164° 31' 59.9988" W
US
Summary: 

Residents in Kivalina, Alaska have pursued relocation efforts for almost 20 years because of overcrowding and erosion problems. The village identified a preferred relocation site about eight miles away in Kiniktuuraq; this site was deemed unsuitable by the Army Corps of Engineers who found that flooding and erosion at the new site would cause additional problems. The relocation process is in a stalemate as the village seeks technical assistance and funding to support their efforts.

North Carolina Climate Change Initiative

Location

United States
34° 47' 23.0928" N, 78° 8' 5.1576" W
US
Summary: 

The North Carolina Department of Environment and Natural Resources (NCDENR) has prioritized climate change as a primary goal. Its Climate Change Initiative provides a framework from which the NCDENR can develop and implement mitigation and adaptation responses.