Adaptation to Climate Change in Africa: Synergies with Biodiversity and Forest
Forests, and the biodiversity contained within them, play key roles in supporting national economic activities and providing livelihood portfolios for many in Africa. They provide valuable ecosystem services such as climate regulation, hazard protection, water conservation, watershed protection, and also provisioning goods such as fuelwood, foods and nutritional supplements, and medicinal products etc. Forests are therefore at the frontline in moderating climate impacts on Africa by reducing exposure to climate extremes such as heat, drought and floods, and also the sensitivity and adaptive capacity of forest dependent people. Inarguably, forests should play a major role in national development strategies and be the entry point for climate changeadaptation in Africa.