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Adapting to Climate Change in The Netherlands: an Inventory of Climate Aaptation Options and Ranking of Alternatives

K. de Bruin, R. B. Dellink, A. Ruijs, L. Bolwidt · A. van Buuren, J. Graveland, R. S. de Groot, P. J. Kuikman, S. Reinhard, R. P. Roetter, V. C. Tassone, A. Verhagen, and E. C. van Ierland
Created: 4/09/2009 - Updated: 9/26/2019


In many countries around the world impacts of climate change are assessed and adaptation options identified. The article describes an approach for a qualitative and quantitative assessment of adaptation options to respond to climate change in the Netherlands. The study introduces an inventory and ranking of adaptation options based on stakeholder analysis and expert judgement, and presents some estimates of incremental costs and benefits. The qualitative assessment focuses on ranking and prioritisation of adaptation options. Options are selected and identified and discussed by stakeholders on the basis of a sectoral approach, and assessed with respect to their importance, urgency and other characteristics by experts. The preliminary quantitative assessment identifies incremental costs and benefits of adaptation options. Priority ranking based on a weighted sum of criteria reveals that in the  Netherlands integrated nature and water management and risk based policies rank high, followed by policies aiming at ‘climate proof’ housing and infrastructure.

Published On

Friday, April 10, 2009


National / Federal
Sector Addressed: 
Target Climate Changes and Impacts: 
Type of Adaptation Action/Strategy: 
Capacity Building
Conduct / Gather additional research, data, and products
Conduct vulnerability assessments and studies
Infrastructure, Planning, and Development
Governance and Policy
Develop / implement adaptation plans
Sociopolitical Setting: 

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