Advancing Adaptation Planning for Climate Change in the Inuvialuit Settlement Region (ISR): A Review and Critique

Frank Duerden, Barry Smit, Mark Andrachuk, Lea Berrang-Ford, and Tanya Smith
Created: 3/28/2010 -

Abstract

This paper reviews scientific and gray literature addressing climate change vulnerability and adaptation in the Inuvialuit Settlement Region (ISR) in the western Canadian Arctic. The review is structured using a vulnerability framework, and 420 documents related directly or indirectly to climate change are analyzed to provide insights on the current state of knowledge on climate change vulnerability in the ISR as a basis for supporting future research and long-term adaptation planning in the region. The literature documents evidence of climate change in the ISR which is compromising food security and health status, limiting transportation access and travel routes to hunting grounds, and damaging municipal infrastructure. Adaptations are being employed to manage changing conditions; however, many of the adaptations being undertaken are short term, ad-hoc, and reactive in nature. Limited long-term strategic planning for climate change is being undertaken. Current climate change risks are expected to continue in the future with further implications for communities but less is known about the adaptive capacity of communities. This review identifies the importance of targeted vulnerability research that works closely with community members and decision makers to understand the interactions between current and projected climate change and the factors which condition vulnerability and influence adaptation. Research gaps are identified, and recommendations for advancing adaptation planning are outlined.

Published On

Organization(s)

ArcticNorth Consulting was established by James Ford (PhD) and Tristan Pearce (PhD) to assist communities, businesses, and industry adapt to a changing climate. Dr. James Ford and Tristan Pearce are award winning scientists with extensive experience working with communities, governments, NGOs, and First Nations Groups across Canada and internationally on climate change vulnerability assessment and adaptation planning. Their work has been disseminated in scholarly journals, books, policy reports, and major international publications (e.g. IPCC Fourth Assessment Report).

Keywords

Scale
Tribal / First Nation
Sector Addressed
Public Health
Rural / Indigenous Livelihoods
Transportation / Infrastructure
Type of Adaptation Action/Strategy
Capacity Building
Conduct / Gather additional research, data, and products
Infrastructure, Planning, and Development
Community Planning (developing climate-smart communities)
Target Climate Changes and Impacts
Air temperature
Culture / communities
Erosion
Infrastructure damage
Permafrost
Public health risks
Snowpack
Sociopolitical Setting
Rural
Region
Canada

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