Anne Kuriakose, Livia Bizikova, Carina Bachofen

Effective planning for climate change adaptation programming in developing countries requires a finegrained assessment of local vulnerabilities, practices and adaptation options and preferences. While global models can project climate impacts and estimate costs of expected investments, developing country decision-makers also require national assessments that take a bottom-up, pro-poor perspective, integrate across sectors, and reflect local stakeholders’ experiences and values, in order to determine appropriate climate responses. This paper outlines the methodological approach of the Social Component of the World Bank’s Economics of Adaptation to Climate Change study. The Social Component features both village-level investigations of vulnerability and adaptive capacity, and innovative Participatory Scenario Development approaches that lead diverse groups at local and national levels through structured discussions using GIS-based “visualization” tools to examine tradeoffs and preferences among adaptation activities and implementation mechanisms. This dynamic, multi-sectoral approach allows for real-time analysis, institutional learning and capacity development. The paper presents the research and learning approach of the study and offers emerging findings on policy and institutional questions surrounding adaptation arenas in Bangladesh, Bolivia, Ethiopia, Ghana and Mozambique.

Published On

The World Bank

The World Bank provides low-interest loans, interest-free credits and grants to developing countries for a wide array of purposes that include investments in education, health, public administration, infrastructure, financial and private sector development, agriculture and environmental and natural resource management.


Community / Local
National / Federal
Regional / Subnational
Sector Addressed
Climate Justice
Development (socioeconomic)
Disaster Risk Management
Rural / Indigenous Livelihoods
Type of Adaptation Action/Strategy
Capacity Building
Conduct vulnerability assessments and studies
Conduct scenario planning exercise
Target Climate Changes and Impacts
Culture / communities
Public health risks
Public safety threats
Storms or extreme weather events
Water supply
Sociopolitical Setting