Biodiversity and Climate Change

Convention on Biological Diversity
Created: 7/14/2014 -


There is evidence that climate change is already affecting biodiversity and will continue to do so. The Millennium Ecosystem Assessment ranks climate change among the main direct drivers affecting ecosystems. Consequences of climate change on the species component of biodiversity include:

•changes in distribution,

•increased extinction rates,

•changes in reproduction timings, and

•changes in length of growing seasons for plants.

Some species that are already threatened are particularly vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. The following are examples of species and of their vulnerabilities.


Multilateral / Transboundary
Sector Addressed
Type of Adaptation Action/Strategy
Natural Resource Management / Conservation
Incorporate future conditions into natural resources planning and policies
Enhance migration corridors and other connectivity measures
Create new refugia / Increase size and amount of protected areas
Reduce local climate or related change
Target Climate Changes and Impacts
Culture / communities
Habitat extent
Public health risks
Public safety threats
Range shifts
Species of concern