Lee Hannah, Radhika Dave, Porter P Lowry II, Sandy Andelman, Michele Andrianarisata, Luciano Andriamaro, Alison Cameron, Robert Hijmans, Claire Kremen, James MacKinnon, Harison Hanitriniaina Randrianasolo, Sylvie Andriambololonera, Andriamandimbisoa Razaf
Abstract

Madagascar’s imperilled biota are now experiencing the effects of a new threat—climate change. With more than 90% endemism among plants, mammals, reptiles and amphibians, the stakes are high. The pristine landscapes that allowed this exceptional biodiversity to survive past climate changes are largely gone. Deforestation has claimed approximately 90% of the island’s natural forest and what remains is highly fragmented, providing a poor template for large-scale species range shifts. The impacts of current and future climate change may therefore be much different than past impacts, with profound implications for biodiversity.

The article reviews evidence of past response to climate change, models of future change and projected biological response, developing insights to formulate adaptation actions for reducing extinction in Madagascar’s biota. Then it explores the cost of implementing actions and examine new income opportunities developing through efforts to mitigate climate change.

Published On

Keywords

Scale
National / Federal
Sector Addressed
Biodiversity
Conservation / Restoration
Forestry
Wildlife
Type of Adaptation Action/Strategy
Natural Resource Management / Conservation
Incorporate future conditions into natural resources planning and policies
Target Climate Changes and Impacts
Biodiversity