Climate Change Impacts and Vulnerabilities in Canada’s Pacific Marine Ecosystems

Thomas A. Okey, Hussein Alidina, Alvaro Montenegro, Veronica Lo, Sabine Jessen
Created: 7/09/2013 -

Abstract

Canada’s Pacific marine ecosystems, which lie adjacent to the coast of British Columbia, are rich, extraordinarily productive, and highly textured with conditions that vary considerably on different scales of time and space. This marine and coastal environment is unique and of cultural, socio-economic, and ecological significance to the people of British Columbia and the rest of Canada. Global environmental changes caused by greenhouse gas emissions are an increasing concern for the health of the whole region’s biologically rich ecosystems, and these must be examined in the context of the existing local and regional impacts, which are more manageable than global changes. The Canadian Parks and Wilderness Society and WWF-Canada commissioned the present report to synthesize current and projected impacts of these global changes, herein called “climate changes,” on Canada’s Pacific marine ecosystems. This report, and its companion report on adaptation approaches, was prepared to inform measures that can be employed to reduce the vulnerability of Canadian Pacific social-ecological systems to climate change, which can be considered in ocean and coastal resource planning.The synthesis in this report is based on two components: (1) a review of the literature relating to marine climate changes and impacts in British Columbia and the northeast Pacific Ocean, including projections from the Canadian Regional Climate Model and global climate models; and (2) a preliminary screening level vulnerability assessment, including components of exposure, sensitivity, and adaptive capacity.

Published On

Organization(s)

CPAWS is Canada’s voice for wilderness. Since 1963 we’ve led in creating over two-thirds of Canada’s protected areas. That amounts to about half a million square kilometres – an area bigger than the entire Yukon Territory! Our vision is that Canada will protect at least half of our public land and water. As a national charity with 13 chapters, 40,000 supporters and hundreds of volunteers, CPAWS works collaboratively with governments, local communities, industry and indigenous peoples to protect our country’s amazing natural places.

World Wildlife Fund Canada (WWF-Canada) was founded in 1967 by Senator Alan MacNaughton, and has become one of the country's leading conservation organizations, enjoying the active support of more than 150,000 Canadians. We connect the power of a highly respected and effective global network to on-the-ground efforts across Canada, through our operations in Vancouver, Prince Rupert, St. Albert’s, Toronto, Ottawa, Montreal, Halifax, St. John’s, and a growing presence in the Arctic.

Keywords

Scale
Regional / Subnational
Sector Addressed
Biodiversity
Conservation / Restoration
Wildlife
Type of Adaptation Action/Strategy
Natural Resource Management / Conservation
Incorporate future conditions into natural resources planning and policies
Target Climate Changes and Impacts
Air temperature
Biodiversity
Habitat extent
Invasive / non-native species, pests
Ocean acidification
Oxygen concentrations (hypoxia)
Phenological shifts
Range shifts
Sea level rise
Habitat/Biome Type
Coastal
Marine
Region
Canada