Climate Change Information for Adaptation: Climate Trends and Projected Values for Canada from 2010 to 2050

James P. Bruce
Created: 2/28/2011 -


This report summarizes for 18 regions, the observed climate trends to date and some climate related factors. Projections are then given to 2050 of these key climate and climate-related factors. These related factors emphasize events or trends which result in hardship or damages or benefits, and are often felt most strongly in communities. An emphasis has been placed on extreme events when data and projections were available, since they often cause the largest damages and human disruptions. Where very limited Canadian data are available, trends in adjacent U.S.A., where much more such data have been available and analyzed, are cited.

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The Institute for Catastrophic Loss Reduction (ICLR) is a world-class centre for multi-disciplinary disaster prevention research and communications. ICLR was established by Canada’s property and casualty (p&c) insurance industry as an independent, not-for-profit research institute affiliated with the University of Western Ontario. Institute staff and research associates are international leaders in wind and seismic engineering, atmospheric science, risk perception, hydrology, economics, geography, health sciences, public policy and a number of other disciplines.


National / Federal
Sector Addressed
Disaster Risk Management
Type of Adaptation Action/Strategy
Capacity Building
Conduct / Gather additional research, data, and products
Conduct vulnerability assessments and studies
Target Climate Changes and Impacts
Air temperature
Sea level rise
Storms or extreme weather events