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Climate Change in Southwest Florida

Lisa Beever, James Beever, Whittany Gray, James Trescott, and Judy Ott
Created: 1/19/2011 - Updated: 8/16/2019

Abstract

In the absence of effective avoidance, mitigation, minimization and adaptation, climate-related failures will result in greater difficulty in addressing the priority problems identified in the Charlotte Harbor National Estuary Program (CHNEP) Comprehensive Conservation and Management Plan (CCMP): hydrologic alteration, water quality degradation, fish and wildlife habitat loss, and stewardship gaps. This study examines the current climate and ongoing climate change in southwest Florida along with five future scenarios of climate change into the year 2200. These scenarios include:

  1. a condition that involves a future in which mitigative actions are undertaken to reduce the human influence on climate change (Stanton and Ackerman 2007),
  2. a 90% probable future predicted by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC 2007b),
  3. a 50% probable future predicted by IPCC,
  4. a 5% probable future predicted by the IPCC, and
  5. a ―very worst‖ future in which no actions are taken to address climate change (Stanton and Ackerman 2007).

This fifth scenario also corresponds with some of the other worst Vulnerability Assessment 2 September 15, 2009 case scenarios postulated by scientists who think the IPCC estimations are under-estimated (USEPA CRE 2008). This report also assesses significant potential climate changes in air and water and the effects of those changes on climate stability, sea level, hydrology, geomorphology, natural habitats and species, land use changes, economy, human health, human infrastructure, and variable risk projections, in southwest Florida. Among the consequences of climate change that threaten estuarine ecosystem services, the most serious involve interactions between climate-dependent processes and human responses to those climate changes.

Published On

Thursday, January 20, 2011

Keywords

Scale: 
Community / Local
State / Provincial
Sector Addressed: 
Conservation / Restoration
Disaster Risk Management
Water Resources
Wildlife
Target Climate Changes and Impacts: 
Sea level rise
Storms or extreme weather events
Type of Adaptation Action/Strategy: 
Natural Resource Management / Conservation
Incorporate future conditions into natural resources planning and policies
Reduce local climate or related change
Capacity Building
Host adaptation training or planning workshop
Create stakeholder engagement processes to develop and implement adaptation strategies
Infrastructure, Planning, and Development
Infrastructure retrofitting and improvements
Stormwater systems: retrofitting and improvements
Sewage systems: retrofitting and improvements
Buildings: retrofitting and improvements
Managed retreat of built infrastructure, relocation of people/communities
Community Planning (developing climate-smart communities)
Habitat/Biome Type: 
Coastal
Climate Type: 
Tropical

Related Resources

Incorporating Climate Change Impacts into Activities in Charlotte Harbor, Florida

Photo attributed to Rogue Black / E L Weems. Incorporated here under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license. No endorsement by licensor implied.

Case Study
Summary: 

The Charlotte Harbor National Estuary Program (CHNEP) conducted a regionwide vulnerability assessment and developed an adaptation plan for the City of Punta Gorda, Florida over a two year period, and is now working to develop a set of climate change indicators and a monitoring plan.

Sector Addressed: 
Development (socioeconomic)
Disaster Risk Management
Tourism / Recreation
Transportation / Infrastructure