Climate-Smart Conservation: Putting Adaptation Principles into Practice

Bruce Stein, Patty Glick, Naomi Edelson, Amanda Staudt
Created: 5/20/2014 -


Climate change already is having significant impacts on the nation’s species and ecosystems, and these effects are projected to increase considerably over time. As a result, climate change is now a primary lens through which conservation and natural resource management must be viewed. How should we prepare for and respond to the impacts of climate change on wildlife and their habitats? What should we be doing differently in light of these climatic shifts, and what actions continue to make sense? Climate-Smart Conservation: Putting Adaptation Principles into Practice offers guidance for designing and carrying out conservation in the face of a rapidly changing climate.

Published On


Type of Adaptation Action/Strategy
Natural Resource Management / Conservation
Incorporate climate-smart guidelines into restoration
Incorporate future conditions into natural resources planning and policies
Conduct vulnerability assessments and studies
Monitor climate change impacts and adaptation efficacy
Create new or enhance existing policies or regulations
Develop / implement adaptation plans
Develop / implement adaptive management strategies
Target Climate Changes and Impacts
Air temperature
Diseases or parasites
Flow patterns
Growing season
Habitat extent
Invasive / non-native species, pests
Oxygen concentrations (hypoxia)
Phenological shifts
Range shifts
Species of concern
Storms or extreme weather events
Water quality
Water supply
Water temperature
Sociopolitical Setting
United States

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