Coastal Adaptation Strategies: Case Studies

Rebecca Beavers, National Park Service (NPS), Edited by Courtney A. Schupp, Rebecca Beavers, and Maria A. Caffrey
Created: 11/27/2015 - Updated: 11/06/2018

Abstract

Innovative and unique solutions are being devised throughout the national park system to adapt to climate change in coastal parks. The 24 case studies in this document describe efforts at national park units in a variety of settings to prepare for and respond to climate change impacts that can take the form of either an event or a trend. Examples of these impacts include increased storminess, sea level rise, shoreline erosion, melting sea ice and permafrost, ocean acidification, warming temperatures, groundwater inundation, precipitation, and drought. The adaptation efforts described here include historic structure preservation, archeological surveys, baseline data collection and documentation, habitat restoration, engineering solutions, redesign and relocation of infrastructure, and development of broad management plans that consider climate change. Each case study also includes a point of contact for park managers to request additional information and insight.

These case studies initially were developed by park managers as part of a NPS-led coastal adaptation to climate change training hosted by Western Carolina University in May 2012. The case studies format follows the format created for EcoAdapt’s Climate Adaptation Knowledge Exchange (CAKE) database that identified a list of adaptation strategies. All case studies were updated and modified in September 2013 and March 2015 in response to a growing number of requests from coastal parks and other coastal management agencies looking for examples of climate change adaptation strategies for natural and cultural resources and assets along their ocean, lacustrine, and riverine coasts. 

Published On

Monday, November 30, 2015

Keywords

Target Climate Changes and Impacts: 
Air temperature
Culture / communities
Erosion
Flooding
Infrastructure damage
Lake level
Ocean acidification
Permafrost
Precipitation
Public health risks
Public safety threats
Sea level rise
Species of concern
Storms or extreme weather events
Water supply
Type of Adaptation Action/Strategy: 
Natural Resource Management / Conservation
Incorporate climate-smart guidelines into restoration
Incorporate future conditions into natural resources planning and policies
Enhance migration corridors and other connectivity measures
Reduce local climate or related change
Reduce non-climate stressors
Capacity Building
Design or reform institutions
Coordinate planning and management
Increase / Improve public awareness, education, and outreach efforts
Conduct / Gather additional research, data, and products
Conduct vulnerability assessments and studies
Host adaptation training or planning workshop
Monitor climate change impacts and adaptation efficacy
Create/enhance resources and tools
Infrastructure, Planning, and Development
Managed retreat of built infrastructure, relocation of people/communities
Make infrastructure resistant or resilient to climate change
Governance and Policy
Create new or enhance existing policies or regulations
Develop / implement adaptation plans
Climate Type: 
Temperate
Subtropical
Subpolar
Sociopolitical Setting: 
Urban
Rural
Suburban

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