Gabriel D. Grimsditch, Rodney V. Salm

This paper synthesises much of the current scientific knowledge on coral reef resistance and resilience to bleaching, a possible major effect of climate change. Following a brief overview of coral bleaching and what is meant by resistance and resilience, the paper highlights a variety of resistance and resilience factors and identifies some gaps in knowledge. It continues by providing an overview of some of the tools and strategies we can use to enhance coral reef resilience. Finally, it reviews current initiatives working on coral reef resilience and also identifying some possible future opportunities for research into the issue.

Published On


Community / Local
Sector Addressed
Tourism / Recreation
Type of Adaptation Action/Strategy
Natural Resource Management / Conservation
Incorporate climate change into harvest/take policies
Create new refugia / Increase size and amount of protected areas
Monitor climate change impacts and adaptation efficacy
Target Climate Changes and Impacts
Diseases or parasites
Fishery harvest
Invasive / non-native species, pests
Sea level rise
Water temperature