Developing National Adaptation Monitoring and Evaluation Systems: A Guidebook

Julia Olivier, Hayley Price-Kelly, Anne Hammill, Julie Dekens, Timo Leiter, Julia Olivier
Posted on: 4/11/2024 - Updated on: 4/11/2024

Posted by

CAKE Team

Published

Abstract

As more and more governments foster the development and implementation of adaptation plans and policies including the National Adaptation Plan (NAP) process agreed by the parties to the UNFCCC, M&E of adaptation at the national level is gaining importance. 

National M&E of adaptation looks at progress towards adaptation in a country. This may involve looking at progress in implementing adaptation-related investments, policies, plans and interventions (process), and/or impacts that these may have (adaptation outcomes). Since climate change affects a broad range of sectors that are critical to a country’s overall development, such as agriculture, water, health, and infrastructure, national M&E of adaptation often requires data and information from across sectors and about interventions taking place at sub-national levels, such as municipal, community, and project levels.

This Guidebook is intended for decision-makers and technical advisors involved in the development of national M&E systems for adaptation, particularly in developing and middle income countries. Its objective is to guide decision-making regarding the purpose, design, operationalisation, and use of results of an appropriate system for national M&E of adaptation. Given its close linkages with the broader development and M&E context in a given country, the Guidebook recognizes that there is no one-size-fits all approach to national M&E of adaptation: Experience shows that decision-makers in different countries have chosen very different approaches depending on the specific context.

This Guidebook therefore leads the reader through a series of questions for consideration, responses to which will provide a basis for identifying practical steps towards the adoption of a national adaptation M&E system that best suits a given country. These questions for consideration are divided into four interrelated building blocks illustrated in the figure on the left and related to: Understanding the context of the M&E system, identifying the content to monitor, designing a process for operationalisation, and deciding how to present results through products that will respond to the purpose of the M&E system.

This guidebook is based on examples from countries that have recently or are currently developing national adaptation M&E systems. It also builds on available publications and tools on M&E of adaptation. Although this Guidebook does not focus exclusively on M&E of the NAP process, it addresses related issues and points readers to relevant sections of the NAP Technical Guidelines, as well as to M&E tools that have been specifically designed for monitoring the NAP process.

Citation

Price-Kelly, H., Hammill, A., Dekens, J., Leiter, T.,  Olivier, J. (2015). Developing national adaptation monitoring and evaluation systems: A guidebook. Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH.

Affiliated Organizations

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH, Least Developed Countries Expert Group (LEG), e International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD)

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