Ecosystem- and Community-Based Adaptation: Learning from Community-Based Natural Resource Management

Hannah Reid
Created: 4/23/2021 -

Abstract

Ecosystem-based adaptation (EbA) and its sister community-based adaptation (CBA) have gained traction over recent years, and policy-makers and planners are increasingly promoting ‘integrated’ EbA and CBA approaches. Improved learning from older natural resource management disciplines such as community-based natural resource management (CBNRM), however, could help inform EbA and CBA practice and policy-making. This viewpoint describes key lessons from CBNRM that EbA and CBA should address as they mature, including the need for EbA and CBA to ensure: communities are central to planning; the institutional, governance and policy context of initiatives is addressed; and, incentives and the need for better evidence of effectiveness is considered. The viewpoint argues that opportunities for scaling up EbA and CBA through mainstreaming and also replication and diversification to other sectors need exploring to reach the millions of poor people facing a climate change-constrained future. This is particularly important for the world's poorest people who are worst hit by climate change and also disproportionately reliant on ecosystems and their services.

Published On

Keywords

Adaptation Phase
Assessment
Scale
Multilateral / Transboundary
Sector Addressed
Climate Justice
Conservation / Restoration
Culture/communities
Development (socioeconomic)
Economics
Policy
Type of Adaptation Action/Strategy
Natural Resource Management / Conservation
Capacity Building
Design or reform institutions
Conduct / Gather additional research, data, and products
Create stakeholder engagement processes to develop and implement adaptation strategies
Create/enhance resources and tools
Infrastructure, Planning, and Development
Governance and Policy
Create new or enhance existing policies or regulations
Target Climate Changes and Impacts
Biodiversity
Culture / communities
Economics
Erosion
Flooding
Landslides
Region
International