Final Guidance for Federal Departments and Agencies on Consideration of Greenhouse Gas Emissions and the Effects of Climate Change in National Environmental Policy Act Reviews

Posted on: 8/03/2016 - Updated on: 3/06/2020

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The Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ) issues this guidance to assist Federal agencies in their consideration of the effects of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and climate change when evaluating proposed Federal actions in accordance with the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) and the CEQ Regulations Implementing the Procedural Provisions of NEPA (CEQ Regulations). This guidance will facilitate compliance with existing NEPA requirements, thereby improving the efficiency and consistency of reviews of proposed Federal actions for agencies, decision makers, project proponents, and the public. The guidance provides Federal agencies a common approach for assessing their proposed actions, while recognizing each agency’s unique circumstances and authorities.

Climate change is a fundamental environmental issue, and its effects fall squarely within NEPA’s purview. Climate change is a particularly complex challenge given its global nature and the inherent interrelationships among its sources, causation, mechanisms of action, and impacts. Analyzing a proposed action’s GHG emissions and the effects of climate change relevant to a proposed action—particularly how climate change may change an action’s environmental effects—can provide useful information to decision makers and the public.

Affiliated Organizations

The Executive Office of the President has responsibility for tasks ranging from communicating the President’s message to the American people to promoting the country's trade interests abroad. It consists of the following organizations:


Document Type
Target Climate Changes and Impacts