Flowing Forward: Freshwater Ecosystem Adaptation to Climate Change in Water Resources Management and Biodiversity Conservation
The IPCC Climate Change and Water Technical Paper concluded that observational records and climate projections provide abundant evidence that freshwater resources are vulnerable and have the potential to be strongly impacted by climate change, with wide-ranging consequences for human societies and ecosystems (Bates, Kudzewicz, and Palutikof 2008). This implies that development and conservation programs could fail to realize intended benefits or, worse still, contribute to increased exposure of populations to climatic hazards.
This review was requested by the World Bank from WWF to develop the guiding principles, processes, and methodologies for incorporating anthropogenic climate change within an analytical framework for evaluating water sector projects, with a particular emphasis on impacts on ecosystems. It is a contribution toward the development of a systematic approach to climate change adaptation in the Bank’s water and environment sectors.
The findings and recommendations are key contributions to the Bank’s two-sector analysis on (1) the Climate Change and Water Flagship that has been developed by the Energy, Transport, and Water Department (ETW), and (2) the Biodiversity, Climate Change, and Adaptation economic and sector analysis prepared by the Environment Department (ENV). This report is also a contribution to the 2010 International Year of Biodiversity.